Rainey, Joseph Hayne

Rainey, Joseph Hayne

▪ American politician
born June 21, 1832, Georgetown, S.C., U.S.
died Aug. 2, 1887, Georgetown
 former American slave, the first black to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives (1870–79).

      The son of a barber who bought the family's freedom, Rainey received some private schooling and took up his father's trade in Charleston, S.C. During the American Civil War he was forced to work on the fortifications in Charleston harbour but managed to escape to the West Indies, where he remained until the end of the war (1865). Upon his return to South Carolina, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1868) and served briefly in the state Senate before his election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1870. He was reelected four times, the longest tenure in the House of any black during the Reconstruction era. While in office he dedicated himself to the passage of civil-rights legislation, pressing the interests not only of blacks but of other minorities such as the Indians and the Chinese in California. Upon leaving the House in 1879, he was appointed U.S. internal revenue agent of South Carolina. He resigned that post in 1881 to engage in banking and brokerage enterprises in Washington, D.C.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseph Hayne Rainey — Joseph Hayne Rainey, aufgenommen zwischen 1865 und 1880 Joseph Hayne Rainey (* 21. Juni 1832 in Georgetown, South Carolina; † 1. August 1887 ebenda) war der erste schwarze Amerikaner, der einen Sitz im Repräsentantenhaus der Vereinigten Staaten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rainey — is a surname and may refer to: * Charles Chuck Walter Rainey (III) * David Puck Rainey * Ford Rainey * Henry T(homas). Rainey * Jo(h)n Douglas Rainey, see It Takes a Thief (2005 TV series) * Joseph Hayne Rainey * Lawrence A. Rainey * Gertrude… …   Wikipedia

  • Rainey — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Barbara Allen Rainey (1948–1982, erste US amerikanische Marine Pilotin Chuck Rainey (* 1940), US amerikanischer Bassgitarrist Ford Rainey (1908–2005), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Frederick Rainey (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Rainey — Infobox Congressman name=Joseph Hayne Rainey date of birth=birth date|1832|6|21|mf=y place of birth=Georgetown, South Carolina dead=dead date of death=death date and age|1887|8|1|1832|6|21|mf=y place of death=Georgetown, South Carolina… …   Wikipedia

  • Rainey — /ray nee/, n. 1. Gertrude ( Ma ), 1886 1939, U.S. blues singer. 2. Joseph Hayne /hayn/, 1832 87, U.S. politician: first black congressman 1870 79. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rainey — /ray nee/, n. 1. Gertrude ( Ma ), 1886 1939, U.S. blues singer. 2. Joseph Hayne /hayn/, 1832 87, U.S. politician: first black congressman 1870 79 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Liste der Biografien/Rai–Ram — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Mitglieder des US-Repräsentantenhauses aus South Carolina — Tim Scott, derzeitiger Vertreter des ersten Kongresswahlbezirks von South Carolina …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John S. Richardson — John Smythe Richardson (* 29. Februar 1828 bei Sumter, South Carolina; † 24. Februar 1894 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1879 und 1883 vertrat er den Bundesstaat South Carolina im US Repräsentanten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 12. Dezember — Der 12. Dezember ist der 346. Tag des Gregorianischen Kalenders (der 347. in Schaltjahren), somit bleiben 19 Tage bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage November · Dezember · Januar 1 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”