▪ mosque and university, Fès, Morocco
also spelled  Qarawīyyīn, Karaween, Karveein, or Karouiine, 

      mosque and Islāmic university in Fès, Morocco.

      The Qarawīyīn Mosque, which was enlarged to its present form in the 12th century, is the largest in North Africa and can accommodate about 22,000 worshipers. Only Muslims are admitted into the mosque, but the interior can be glimpsed through the building's 14 doors. The mosque's roof is supported by 270 pillars forming 16 naves each of 21 horseshoe arches; because of the vast area (about 7 acres [3 hectares]) covered, the roof appears very low. The mosque's large lamp is said to weigh 1,763 pounds (800 kg) and to have 509 lights.

      The Qarawīyīn Mosque is the centre of a university that was founded in AD 859; several of its schools (madrasahs) are grouped around it. The university has been renowned since the European Middle Ages as a centre of Islāmic culture. When the Muslims were expelled from Spain beginning in the 13th century, many came to Fès and to Qarawīyīn, bringing knowledge of European and Moorish arts and sciences. By the 14th century there were said to be 8,000 students at the university. It gradually declined and by the 20th century retained only traces of its former greatness. But after Moroccan independence (1956), much was done to modernize the university: a new faculty of law was established, women were admitted for the first time, and the tuition system was reorganized. In 1963 the traditional program of studies—Islāmic law, theology, and Arabic studies—was divided into three separate faculties, the latter two being relocated at Tétouan and Marrakech.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Qarawiyīn-Moschee in Fès — Eingangsportal mit Blick in den Innenhof Die Qarawiyīn Moschee arabisch ‏جامع القرويين ‎ Dschāmiʿ al Qarawiyīn, DMG Ǧāmiʿ al Qarawiyīn inmitten der Med …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Universität al-Qarawiyīn — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Logo fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Studenten fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Mitarbeiter fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt جامعة القرويين Universität al Qarawiyyin Gründung 859 (als Madrasa)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fès — Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arte almorávide — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Qubbat Barudiyin, en Marrakech (1120). Los almorávides cuyo nombre deriva de al murabitum o moradores del ribat (especie de monasterio fortaleza habitado por monjes guerreros, asimilables en cierta mediada a las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fez — (Del topónimo Fez, ciudad de Marruecos.) ► sustantivo femenino INDUMENTARIA Y MODA Gorro de color generalmente rojo, usado por los moros y los turcos. * * * fez1 (del turco «fes», de Fez, ciudad de Marruecos donde se fabricaba este gorro) m.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abd el-Krim — Infobox Military Person name=Muhammad Ibn Abd El Karim El Khattabi lived=1882 1963 caption=Abd el Krim nickname=Abd el Krim or Abdelkrim placeofbirth=Ajdir, Morocco placeofdeath=Cairo, Egypt allegiance= branch= serviceyears= rank=Guerilla leader… …   Wikipedia

  • University of Al-Karaouine — Infobox University name = University of Al Karaouine native name = جامعة القرويين Jāma at al Qarawīīn image size = 220px caption = Interior of the Al Karaouine Mosque and University motto = established = 859 type = Islamic affiliation = Sunni… …   Wikipedia

  • Ali ibn Harzihim — For the teacher of Ash Shadhili see Abu Abdallah ibn Harzihim Sidi Ali ibn Harzihim or Abul Hasan Ali ibn Ismail ibn Mohammed ibn Abdallah ibn Harzihim/Hirzihim (also: Sidi Harazim) was born in Fes, Morocco and died in that same city in 559/1163 …   Wikipedia

  • Al-Qarawiyyin — Innenhof der Qarawiyyin Ein Portal Die Universität Al Qarawiyyin dschami’at al qarawyyin / ‏ جامعة القرويين‎ / …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Al Karaouine-Universität — Innenhof der Qarawiyyin Ein Portal Die Universität Al Qarawiyyin dschami’at al qarawyyin / ‏ جامعة القرويين‎ / …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”