Potwar Plateau

Potwar Plateau

      tableland in Rāwalpindi, Attock, and Jhelum districts, Punjab Province, Pakistan. Lying between the Indus and Jhelum rivers and bounded on the north by the Hazāra Hills and on the south by the Salt Range, its varied landscape is constantly affected by erosion. Its elevation varies from 1,000 to 2,000 ft (300 to 600 m) in a system of residual hills and hillocks formed from glacial debris as remnants of the Ice Age. The Kāla Chitta Range thrusts eastward across the plateau toward Rāwalpindi; the valleys of the Haro and Soān rivers cross the plateau from the eastern foothills to the Indus. Most of the hills and rivers are bordered by dissected ravine belts. The streams, due to constant rejuvenation, are deep set and of little use for irrigation. Agriculture is dependent largely on rainfall, which averages 15 to 20 in. (380 to 510 mm) annually; rainfall is greatest in the northwest and declines to arid conditions in the southwest. The chief crops are wheat, barley, sorghum, and legumes; onions, melons, and tobacco are grown in the more fertile areas near the Indus.

      The Potwar Plateau is one of the most densely populated areas of Pakistan. It contains the ancient city of Rāwalpindi and the new national capital, Islāmābād, built since 1961. The plateau is the location of Pakistan's major oil fields, the first of which were discovered at Khaur (1915) and Dhuliān (1935); the Tut field was discovered in 1968, and exploration continued in the area in the 1970s. The oil fields are connected by pipeline to the refinery at Rāwalpindi.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Potwar Plateau —   [ pəʊtvɑː plætəʊ], hügelige Landschaft in Nordpakistan, östlich des Indus, zwischen der Salt Range und den Siwalikketten des Himalaja, 300 600 m über dem Meeresspiegel; im Norden Regenfeldbau (Weizen, Gerste), im trockeneren Süden Tabakbau;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pothohar Plateau — The Pothohar Plateau (also spelled Pothwar, Potwar or Potohar) (Urdu: سطح مرتفع پوٹھوہار) is a plateau in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The area was the home of the Soanian Culture, which is evidenced by the discovery of fossils, tools, coins …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan — /pak euh stan , pah keuh stahn /, n. 1. Islamic Republic of, a republic in S Asia, between India and Afghanistan: formerly part of British India; known as West Pakistan from 1947 71 to distinguish it from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).… …   Universalium

  • Pothohar — Pharwala auf dem Pothohar Plateau Pothohar (auch Potwar) ist ein Plateau in der pakistanischen Provinz Punjab. Es liegt zwischen 300 und 500m über NN. Der Fluss Swaan durchfließt das Gebiet der aufgeschobenen kleinen Hügel, die aus der Eiszeit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fuel extraction in Pakistan — Contents 1 Oil industry 1.1 Discovery 1.2 History 1.3 Modern exploration 1.3.1 Pakistan Oilfields Limit …   Wikipedia

  • Ishar Singh (poet) — Ishar Singh ‘Ishar’ (1892 1966) was one of the most renowned Punjabi humorous poets of the 20th century. His poems centred around his comic creation ‘Bhaiya’, who was used as a vehicle for biting satirical comment on all aspects of Indian society …   Wikipedia

  • Salzgebirge — p1f1 Salzgebirge Höchster Gipfel Sakaser (1.522 m) Lage Pakistan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Punjab — /pun jahb , pun jahb/, n. 1. a former province in NW British India: now divided between India and Pakistan. 2. a state in NW India. 15,230,000; 47,456 sq. mi. (122,911 sq. km). Cap.: Chandigarh. 3. a province in NE Pakistan. 37,374,000; 79,284 sq …   Universalium

  • David Pilbeam — is the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University[1] and curator of paleoanthropology at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He received his Ph.D. from… …   Wikipedia

  • Islamabad — /is lah meuh bahd , bad , lam euh bad /, n. the capital of Pakistan, in the N part, near Rawalpindi. 77,318. * * * Capital (pop., 1998: 524,500) of Pakistan, located northeast of Rawalpindi. Established in 1959 to replace Karachi as the capital,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”