Plantin, Christophe

Plantin, Christophe

▪ French printer
born c. 1520, , Saint-Avertin, France
died July 1, 1589, Antwerp, Belg.

      French printer, founder of an important printing house and publisher of the Antwerp Polyglot Bible.

      Plantin learned bookbinding and bookselling at Caen, Normandy, and settled in 1549 as a bookbinder in Antwerp. A bad arm wound seems to have led him (about 1555) to turn to typography. His many publications were distinguished by their excellent typography, and he was original in using copper, instead of wood, engravings for book illustrations. His greatest venture, the Biblia regia, which would fix the original text of Old and New Testaments, was supported by Philip II of Spain in spite of clerical opposition and appeared in eight volumes during 1569–72.

      When Antwerp was plundered by the Spaniards in 1576 and Plantin had to pay a ransom, he established a branch office in Paris and then, in 1583, settled in Leiden as the typographer of the new university of the states of Holland, leaving his much-reduced business in Antwerp in the hands of his sons-in-law, John Moerentorf (Moretus) and Francis van Ravelinghen (Raphelengius). But in 1585 Plantin returned to Antwerp and Raphelengius took over the business in Leiden. After Plantin's death, the Antwerp business was carried on by Moretus, but it declined during the second half of the 17th century. All was religiously preserved, however, and in 1876 the city of Antwerp acquired the buildings and their contents and created the Plantin-Moretus Museum.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • PLANTIN (C.) — PLANTIN CHRISTOPHE (1520 env. 1589) Né à Saint Avertin, une bourgade près de Tours, Plantin, s’est fixé vers 1540 à Caen, où il apprend le métier d’imprimeur et de relieur chez Robert Macé; il y épouse Jeanne (de la) Rivière en 1545 ou 1546.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plantin — (Christophe) (v. 1520 1589) imprimeur belge d origine française (né à Tours). Il s établit en 1549 à Anvers, où il mourut, et dirigea la publication de plus de 1 500 ouvrages, parmi lesquels la fameuse Biblia Regia ou Biblia Poliglotta (8 vol.,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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