- Pippin II
▪ Carolingian kingalso spelled Pepinborn c. AD 823died after 864, Senlis, FranceCarolingian king of Aquitaine.The son of Pippin I of Aquitaine (d. 838), he was forced to fight for his inheritance. He gained the throne about 845 after defeating King Charles II the Bald, who had received authority over Aquitaine from Louis the Pious. War soon broke out again, however, and Charles slowly advanced through Aquitaine. Pippin took refuge with Sancho, duke of the Gascons, but in 852 was handed over to Charles, tonsured, and relegated to a monastery. Escaping in 854, he renewed the struggle, but in 859 the Aquitanians began to abandon him. Thereafter on the defensive and a wanderer, he joined with a band of Viking raiders and attacked Toulouse in 864. Captured soon afterward, he died during imprisonment at Senlis.▪ Carolingian mayoralso spelled Pepin , byname Pippin of Herstal , French Pépin d'Héristaldied Dec. 16, 714, Jupille, near Liège [now in Belgium]ruler of the Franks (687–714), the first of the great Carolingian mayors of the palace.The son of Begga and Ansegisel, who were, respectively, the daughter of Pippin I and the son of Bishop Arnulf of Metz, Pippin established himself as mayor of the palace in Austrasia after the death of Dagobert II in 679 and defended its autonomy against Theuderic III (Theodoric III) of Neustria and Ebroïn, Theuderic's mayor of the palace. Defeated by Ebroïn in 680 at Lucofao (near Laon), Pippin gained his revenge on the Neustrians in 687 at Tertry (near Péronne) and became sole effective ruler of the Franks. He nevertheless retained Theuderic III on the throne and after his death replaced him with three successive Merovingian kings. After several years of warfare Pippin defeated the Frisians on his northeastern border (689) and married his son Grimoald to Theodelind, daughter of the Frisian chief Radbod. He also forced the Alemanni to recognize Frankish authority again and encouraged Christian missionaries in Alemannia and Bavaria. Charles Martel was his son.
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