also spelled  Pilbarra  
 region of northwestern Western Australia, extending south from the De Grey River to the Ashburton River and as far as 450 miles (720 km) inland. It occupies an area of about 197,000 square miles (510,000 square km) and averages 1,000 feet (300 metres) in elevation. The Pilbara includes one of Australia's hottest spots at Marble Bar, where daytime temperatures from October to May often exceed 120 °F (49 °C); in a record heat wave in 1923–24, temperatures reached 100 °F or more on 170 consecutive days.

      Gold, discovered in the region in 1883, led to the declaration of the Pilbara (1888) and West Pilbara (1895) goldfields. Tin was found in 1899, and deposits of copper, talc, manganese, magnesium, silver, beryllium, and columbite have also been worked. There still remain valuable deposits of asbestos at Wittenoom Gorge in the Hamersley Range and tantalite at Wodgina.

 Massive development of the iron industry, based on ore mined in the Hamersley Range, brought an influx of population to the area in the 1970s. One of the principal mines is Mount Newman, from which ore is shipped by rail northward to Port Hedland. Another railroad carries ore from Paraburdoo and Mount Tom Price to Dampier, an ore port west of old Roebourne. Salt is produced at Dampier and Port Hedland.

      The Pilbara forms a statistical division comprising four shires: East and West Pilbara, Roebourne, and Port Hedland. Pop. (2001) statistical division, 42,411.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pilbara —   [pɪl bɑːrə], Bergbauregion in Western Australia, zwischen De Grey River im Nordosten und Ashburton River im Südwesten, rd. 500 000 km2, 49 000 Einwohner. Das seit den 1860er Jahren durch Rinder und Schafhaltung genutzte Gebiet erlebte Ende des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pilbara — For the fly genus, see Pilbara (fly). The Pilbara is a region in the north of Western Australia. It is one of nine regions of the Regional Development Commissions Act 1993 , and is also a region under the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for …   Wikipedia

  • Pilbara — Regionen nach dem Regional Development Commissions Act von 1993 (Pilbara zweitnördlichste) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pilbara — 21° S 119° E / 21, 119 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pilbara — /ˈpɪlbərə/ (say pilbuhruh) noun a region in the north west of WA, enclosed by the De Grey River system in the north and the Ashburton River system in the south. 443 915 km2. Also, the Pilbara. Human occupation of the Pilbara stretches back tens… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Pilbara — n. area in western Australia …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Pilbara newspapers — Pilbara newspapersThis is a selection of newspapers published in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. The rise and fall of some of the newspapers reflect the shifts and changes in population in various localities of the region as mining… …   Wikipedia

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  • Pilbara historical timeline — Pilbara historical timelineThis timeline is a detailed list of events and locations of the development of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.References* Hamersley Iron (1985) Diary titled Hamersley Iron. The Pilbara Flora Collection 1984.… …   Wikipedia

  • Pilbara (Australie) — Pilbara Carte des régions de l Australie Occidentale …   Wikipédia en Français

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