▪ ancient region, Iran
Persian  Parsa,  

      ancient country in the southwestern part of Iran, roughly coextensive with the modern region of Fārs. Its name was derived from the Iranian tribe of the Parsua (Parsuash; Parsumash; Persians), who settled there in the 7th century BC. Herodotus lists the leading Persian tribes as the Pasargadae, to which the Achaemenians (Achaemenian Dynasty), the royal family of Persia, belonged; the Maraphii; and the Maspii. It was these three that Cyrus II the Great assembled to approve his plans for his revolt against Astyages, his Median overlord, in 550 BC.

      The inhabitants of Persis were considered to be the rulers of the Achaemenian Empire and were exempt from taxation. As the homeland of the Achaemenian dynasty, Persis was closely associated with the monarchy. Cyrus built his capital at Pasargadae, and about 30 miles (48 km) to the southwest Darius I founded his new capital of Parsa, known to the Greeks as Persepolis (“Persian City”).

      The history of Persis after the fall of the Achaemenian Empire in 330 BC is obscure. Lying apart from the main strategic and economic highways of Iran, it preserved its ancient culture, language, and religion under the Seleucids and enjoyed considerable autonomy during the Parthian period. In the 3rd century AD its rulers, heirs of the Achaemenian tradition, founded the Sāsānian empire.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Persis — f English: of New Testament origin, from Greek Persis, originally an ethnic name meaning ‘Persian woman’. This name is borne by a woman mentioned fleetingly by St Paul ‘the beloved Persis, which laboured much in the Lord’ (Romans 16: 12) and was… …   First names dictionary

  • PERSIS — pars fuit ampla Australis Imperii Persiei, ubi Caramania, quae ad Ortum, Susiana, quae ad Occidentem, et Persis propria, quae inter utramque versus Sinum Persieum, cuius caput fuit Persepolis. Item pro tota Persia. Vide ibi. Salmasio semper a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Persis — fem. proper name, from L., from Gk. Persis, lit. a Persian woman, related to Perses Persian (see PERSIAN (Cf. Persian)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Persis — Per sis, n. [Etymol. uncertain.] A kind of coloring matter obtained from lichens. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Persis — Persis, s.u. Persien …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Persis — (einheimisch Pârsâ, jetzt Farsistan), im Altertum Landschaft in Asien, die zuerst auch Karmanien (Kirman) in sich begriff, das jedoch nach einer Empörung gegen Dareios zu einer steuerzahlenden Satrapie gemacht wurde. Dieses Stammland des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Persis — Persis, die im Altertum von dem spätern Perserreiche unterschiedene ursprüngliche, zwischen Karmanien, Medien, Susiana und dem Pers. Meerbusen gelegene pers. Provinz …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Persis — Landschaft von Fars Persis (altpersisch Pars a/Parš e, akkadisch Pars u aš/Pars um aš/Pars ua, aramäisch Paras) war ursprünglich eine Bezeichnung einer Region unweit des Zagrosgebirges am Urmia See. Die Landesbezeichnung Persien leitete sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Persis — Grées Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ényo. Persée rendant leur œil aux Grées, par Heinrich Füssli Dans la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Persis Khambatta — Persis Khambatta, 1985 Persis Khambatta (* 2. Oktober 1948, nach anderen Quellen 2. Oktober 1950 in Bombay, Maharashtra; † 18. August 1998 ebenda) war ein indisches Model und Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”