Parkhurst, Helen

Parkhurst, Helen

▪ American educator
born March 7, 1887, Durand, Wis., U.S.
died June 1, 1973, New Milford, Conn.

      American educator, author, and lecturer who devised the Dalton Laboratory Plan (Dalton Plan) and founded the Dalton School.

      Parkhurst graduated from the River Falls Normal School of Wisconsin State College (1907), did graduate work at Columbia University, and studied at the universities of Rome and Munich and with Maria Montessori. Much later, she earned a master's degree in education at Yale (1943) and became Yale's first fellow in education.

      She taught briefly in Wisconsin, moved to Tacoma, Wash., in 1909, and returned to teach at Wisconsin Central State Teachers College (1913–15). After further work with Montessori in Rome, Parkhurst set up her own school in New York City in 1916.

      In 1918 she drew upon an experimental plan she had developed for the high school in Dalton, Mass., and began implementing it on a contractual basis with students in her New York school. Pupils worked in “laboratory brigades” on specific assignments for which they contracted. There were no tests or examinations, and external discipline was minimal. As they worked on assignments, students submitted progress reports to teachers.

      Parkhurst remained headmistress of New York's Dalton School until her retirement in 1942. Over the final three decades of her life she lectured, helped institute her plan throughout the world, wrote books, and produced radio and television shows for and about young people. Her books include Education on the Dalton Plan (1922), Work Rhythms in Education (1935), and Exploring the Child's World (1951).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Parkhurst, Helen — ► (1887 1973) Pedagoga estadounidense. Es creadora del Dalton Plan, plan consistente en distribuir el trabajo escolar de modo que cada alumno pueda proceder según su propio ritmo …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Helen Parkhurst — (* 3. Januar 1887 bei Durand in Wisconsin; † 1. Juni 1973 in Milford Connecticut) war eine US amerikanische Reformpädagogin. Sie wirkte als Erzieherin, Autorin und Lektorin. Sie war die Begründerin des Dalton Plans und war Gründerin der Dalton… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helen Parkhurst — (January 3, 1887 June 1, 1973) was an American educator, author, lecturer, the originator of the Dalton Plan and the founder of The Dalton School.Born at Durand, Wisconsin, she was graduated from Wisconsin State Teachers College in 1907, studied… …   Wikipedia

  • Helen Parkhurst — (3 janvier 1887, Durand, Wisconsin 1er juin 1973, New Milford, Connecticut) est une pédagogue américaine, à l origine d une méthode de travail individualisé connue sous le nom de plan Dalton, et fondatrice de l école Dalton de New York.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parkhurst — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Frederic Parkhurst (1864−1921), US amerikanischer Politiker und 1921 Gouverneur von Maine Helen Parkhurst (1887–1973), US amerikanische Reformpädagogin John Parkhurst (1512–1575), Bischof von Norwich John… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parkhurst —   [ pɑːkhəːst], Helen, amerikanische Pädagogin, * Durand (Wisconsin) 7. 3. 1887, ✝ New Milford (Connecticut) 1. 6. 1973; entwickelte, angeregt durch Maria Montessori, bei der sie 1914 studierte, 1920 für eine höhere Schule in Dalton… …   Universal-Lexikon

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