Paneth, Friedrich Adolf

Paneth, Friedrich Adolf

▪ Austrian chemist
born Aug. 31, 1887, Vienna, Austria
died Sept. 17, 1958, Vienna

      Austrian chemist who with George Charles de Hevesy introduced radioactive tracer techniques (1912–13).

      Paneth, the son of noted physiologist Joseph Paneth, studied at Munich, Glasgow, and Vienna, then held positions at the Radium Institute, Vienna, and at research facilities in Prague, Hamburg, Berlin, and Königsberg. Upon the rise of the Nazi movement, he went to England and took a position as guest lecturer at the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London (1933–38), and then became professor of chemistry at the University of Durham (1939). In 1953 he returned to West Germany as director of the Max Planck Institute at Mainz.

      Between 1918 and 1922 Paneth prepared hydrides of bismuth, lead, and polonium with radioactive isotopes. Beginning in 1929 he furnished proof of the brief existence of the methyl and ethyl free radicals. His microanalytical work in rare gases led him to study the composition of the atmosphere and to conclude that the composition of air is constant at least to an altitude of approximately 61 km (38 miles). His measurement of helium from the radioactive decomposition of meteorites and terrestrial rocks led to methods for ascertaining their age.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PANETH, FRIEDRICH ADOLF — (1887–1958), Austrian physical and radioactivity chemist. Paneth, a son of Joseph Paneth, a physiologist who discovered certain histological cells which still bear his name, was born in Vienna. Both his parents were born Jews, but they brought up …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Friedrich Adolf Paneth — Friedrich Adolf (Fritz) Paneth (* 31. August 1887 in Wien; † 17. September 1958 ebenda) war ein deutsch österreichischer Chemiker. Er war der Sohn des Physiologen Joseph Paneth. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Ehrungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paneth — Paneth,   Friedrich Adolf, österreichischer Chemiker, * Wien 31. 8. 1887, ✝ Mainz 17. 9. 1958; Professor in Berlin (1922 29), Königsberg, London (1933 39) und Durham; ab 1953 Leiter des Max Planck Instituten für Chemie in Mainz. Paneth arbeitete… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Paneth — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Farkas Paneth (1917–2009), rumänischer Tischtennisspieler und trainer Friedrich Adolf Paneth (1887–1958), deutsch österreichischer Chemiker Joseph Paneth (1857–1890), österreichischer Physiologe,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Paneth — Infobox Scientist name = Friedrich Adolf Paneth image width = caption = birth date = birth date|1887|8|31 birth place = Vienna, Austria Hungary residence = nationality = death date = death date and age|1958|9|17|1887|8|31 death place = Mainz,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fritz Paneth — Friedrich Adolf (Fritz) Paneth (* 31. August 1887 in Wien; † 17. September 1958 ebenda) war ein deutsch österreichischer Chemiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Ehrungen 3 Hauptwerke 4 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Paneth — (1857 1890) was an Austrian physiologist from Vienna. He was a professor at the Universities of Breslau and Vienna. He was the father of chemist Friedrich Adolf Paneth (1887 1958).Paneth is remembered for his description of the eponymous Paneth… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Paneth — (* 6. Oktober 1857 in Wien; † 4. Jänner 1890 ebenda) war ein österreichischer Physiologe und Erstbeschreiber der nach ihm benannten Paneth Zellen. Er ist der Vater des Chemikers Friedrich Adolf Paneth. Paneth arbeitete in Ernst Brückes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Pan–Par — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Wiener Persönlichkeiten — Bekannte Wiener Persönlichkeiten A Carlo Abarth, in Italien lebender österreichischer Automobilrennfahrer und Tuner Emil Abel, Chemiker Othenio Abel, Paläontologe und Evolutionsbiologe Walter Abish, US amerikanischer Schriftsteller Kurt Absolon,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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