Pacific Community, Secretariat of the

Pacific Community, Secretariat of the

formerly (1947–98)  South Pacific Commission 

      organization founded in 1947 by the governments of Australia, France, New Zealand, The Netherlands, Great Britain, and the United States to advise them on economic, social, and health matters affecting the South Pacific island territories they administered. It is the oldest regional organization in the Pacific and is headquartered in Nouméa, New Caledonia. Guam and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands joined the SPC in 1951, extending the organization's membership to the North Pacific, but The Netherlands withdrew after it transferred administration of Netherlands New Guinea (Irian Jaya (Papua)) to Indonesia in 1962. Britain withdrew its membership in 1996 over concerns about the direction of the organization but rejoined two years later. By the beginning of the 21st century the SPC had 27 members. As most of the territories gained independence, the organization was transformed into an agency for providing technical advice, assistance, training, and research to address economic, biological, medical, educational, and social problems.

      Originally, all founding members of the SPC were entitled to one vote each. However, with the admission of the newly independent Western Samoa in 1965, voting rules were changed to give Australia five votes; France, Britain, New Zealand, and the United States four; and Western Samoa one. Membership rules also were altered to allow other independent states, as well as non-independent territories, to apply for membership, resulting in the admission of Nauru in 1969 and Fiji in 1971. The SPC revised its rules again in 1983, granting each member—regardless of its status—equal voting rights. The annual South Pacific Conference, attended by two delegates from each member country, approves the organization's budget and determines its Work Programme of technical assistance through local and regional seminars and workshops. About 90 percent of the SPC's budget is contributed by Australia, France, Britain, New Zealand, and the United States.

Chung-in Moon
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Secretariat of the Pacific Community — The Secretariat of the Pacific Community, or SPC (sometimes Pacific Community), is a regional intergovernmental organisation whose membership includes both nations and territories. It aims to develop the technical, professional, scientific,… …   Wikipedia

  • Secretariat of the Pacific Community — Flagge des SPC Das Sekretariat der Pazifischen Gemeinschaft (SPC, engl. Secretariat of the Pacific Community; CPS, franz. Secrétariat général de la Communauté du Pacifique) ist eine Internationale Organisation mit dem Ziel der sozialen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pacific Community — Flagge des SPC Das Sekretariat der Pazifischen Gemeinschaft (SPC, engl. Secretariat of the Pacific Community; CPS, franz. Secrétariat général de la Communauté du Pacifique) ist eine Internationale Organisation mit dem Ziel der sozialen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Secretariat of the Pacific Community — noun a body established in 1947 by those governments, including Australia, who are responsible for administering island territories in the South Pacific and now including independent Pacific states; concerns itself with the economic and social… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Flag of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community — On 6 December, 1999 during a conference in Papeete the SPC, formerly the South Pacific Commission adopted the present flag. The former flag featured on blue field a white ring, being the lower right part replaced by a chain of small gold stars.… …   Wikipedia

  • Pacific Economic Cooperation Council — The Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) is a network of member committees composed of individuals and institutions dedicated to promoting cooperation across the Asia Pacific region. PECC has 22 full member committees Australia; Brunei… …   Wikipedia

  • Pacific Islands Forum — (PIF) …   Wikipedia

  • Pacific Union — The Pacific Union is a proposed political and economic intergovernmental community suggested in 2003 by a committee of the Australian Senate. The committee called for the formation of a Pacific Union composed of the member states of the Pacific… …   Wikipedia

  • Community-based rehabilitation — The aim of community based rehabilitation (CBR) is to help people with disabilities, by establishing community based programs for social integration, equalization of opportunities, and rehabilitation programs for the disabled. The strength of CBR …   Wikipedia

  • Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations — The Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER) is an umbrella agreement between members of the Pacific Islands Forum (the Forum Island Countries plus Australia and New Zealand) which provides a framework for the future development of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”