Pachomius, Saint

Pachomius, Saint

▪ Egyptian monk
born c. 290, probably in Upper Egypt
died 346, feast day May 9

      founder of Christian cenobitic (communal) monasticism, whose rule (book of observances) for monks is the earliest extant.

      Of Egyptian origin, Pachomius encountered Coptic, or Egyptian, Christianity among his cohorts in the Roman emperor Constantine's North African army and, on leaving the military about 314, withdrew alone into the wilderness at Chenoboskion, near his Theban home. Soon after, he joined the hermit Palemon and a colony of solitaries (anchorites) in the same area at Tabennisi, on the east bank of the Nile River. With a talent for administration, Pachomius built the first monastic enclosure, replacing the scattered hermits' shelters, and he drew up a common daily program providing for proportioned periods of work and prayer patterned about a cooperative economic and disciplinary regimen.

      This rule was the first instance in Christian monastic history of the use of a cenobitic (cenobitic monasticism), or uniform communal, existence as the norm, the first departure from the individualistic, exclusively contemplative nature that had previously characterized religious life. Pachomius, moreover, instituted a monarchic monastic structure that viewed the relationship of the religious superior's centralized authority over the community as the symbolic image of God evoking obedient response from man striving to overcome his egocentrism by self-denial and charity. By the time he died, Pachomius had founded 11 monasteries, numbering more than 7,000 monks and nuns.

      Though none of Pachomius' manuscripts has survived, his life and bibliography have been preserved by the 5th-century historian Palladius in his Lausiac History. The Rule of Pachomius and other works by him can be found in Armand Veilleux (ed.), Pachomian Koinonia, 3 vol. (1980–82).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pachomius, Saint — • Hermit who founded a cenobitical community, d. 346. Some speculation on how and why St. Pachomius came up with the idea of the cenobitical life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pachomius (disambiguation) — Pachomius may refer to:* Saint Pachomius (ca. 292 – 348), also known as Abba Pachomius and Pakhom, founder of Christian cenobitic monasticism * Pachomius the Serb (Пахомий Серб, also known as Pachomius Logothete), fifteenth century hagiographer… …   Wikipedia

  • Pachomius the Serb — (Пахомий Серб, also known as Pachomius Logothete) was a fifteenth century hagiographer in the employ of the Russian Orthodox Church, most notably the archbishops of Novgorod, the Troitse Sergiyeva Lavra, and the grand princely and metropolitan… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Theodore — can refer to a person, place, church, or school:*Theodore of Amasea, or of Tyre, the Tyro , the Recruit , a 4th century military saint and martyr *Theodore of Euphraita, or of Heraclea , or Stratelates ( the General ). Another 4th century… …   Wikipedia

  • Pachomius — For other uses, see Pachomius (disambiguation). Saint Pakhom Father of Spiritual Communal Monastic Life …   Wikipedia

  • Pachomius — (c. 290–346)    Saint and Order Founder.    Little certain is known of the life of Pachomius. He was born into a pagan family in Egypt, but was converted to Christianity after serving for a time as a soldier. In c. 320 he settled in Tabennisi and …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Pachomius — Pachomian, adj., n. /peuh koh mee euhs/, n. Saint, A.D. 292? 348?, Egyptian ascetic: founder of the cenobitical form of monasticism. * * * …   Universalium

  • Pachomius — (292–346 AD)    Egyptian Christian monk and saint. He was born in Upper Egypt and later served in the Roman army in Egypt. Upon leaving the army, he settled at the village of Shenest in Middle Egypt and converted to Christianity, becoming an… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Pachomius — Pachomian, adj., n. /peuh koh mee euhs/, n. Saint, A.D. 292? 348?, Egyptian ascetic: founder of the cenobitical form of monasticism …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rule of Saint Benedict — The Rule of Saint Benedict ( Regula Benedicti ) is a book of precepts written by St. Benedict of Nursia for monks living in community under the authority of an abbot. Since about the 7th century it has also been adopted by communities of women.… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”