Oecolampadius, Johann

Oecolampadius, Johann

▪ German humanist
German  Johannes Huszgen  
born 1482, Weinsberg, Württemberg [now in Germany]
died Nov. 23, 1531, Basel, Switz.

      German humanist, preacher, and patristic scholar who, as a close friend of the Swiss Reformer Huldrych Zwingli (Zwingli, Huldrych), led the Reformation in Basel.

      A student at Heidelberg, Oecolampadius left in 1506 to become tutor to the sons of the Palatinate's elector and in 1510 became preacher at Weinsberg. In 1513 he went to Tübingen for further study; he became versatile in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew and came into contact with Humanism. In 1515 Oecolampadius moved to Basel, where he assisted the Humanist scholar Desiderius Erasmus (Erasmus, Desiderius) (c. 1466–1536) in preparing his edition of the Greek New Testament. Over the next several years, Oecolampadius produced translations of works by various Greek Fathers of the church, including Gregory of Nazianzus, Basil, John of Damascus, Chrysostom, and Theophylact. In 1518 he became cathedral preacher at Augsburg. His mystical leanings and scholarly temperament led him to enter the Brigittine monastery at Altomünster in 1520, but his growing disillusionment with the Roman Catholic view that the bread and wine of the Eucharist are transubstantiated into the body and blood of Christ and his increasing admiration for Martin Luther (Luther, Martin) caused him to leave in 1522. After serving briefly as chaplain at Ebernburg castle at the invitation of the German nobleman Franz von Sickingen, he returned to Basel, and in 1523 he became lecturer and professor at the university, where he had earned a doctorate in 1518.

      Lecturing in three languages to large audiences and preaching at Saint-Martin's Church, Oecolampadius soon became the dominant figure in the city. At Baden in 1526, he debated for the Reformation against Roman Catholicism, and again in 1528 he supported the Reformers at the disputation at Bern. During this period Oecolampadius became renowned as a preacher. In a series of writings, particularly in De genuina verborum domini expositione (1526; “On the Correct Interpretation of the Words of the Lord”), he supported Zwingli's view that the Eucharist was only a remembrance and not a reenactment of Christ's sacrifice on the cross. After helping to shape the local ordinances promulgated at Easter in 1529 to establish the Reformation in Basel, Oecolampadius defended Zwingli's position again at the Colloquy of Marburg (October 1529), where he debated Luther. Returning to Basel, in 1530 he opposed the dominant role of local authorities in church affairs and preached in favour of a church discipline in which pastors and lay elders shared in church government. When, in 1531, Zwingli was slain in the Battle of Kappel (Kappel Wars), the result of political divisiveness over efforts to expand the Reformation, Oecolampadius was overwhelmed by shock and died soon afterward.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oecolampadius, Johann — ( 14 82 1531 )    theologian and Reformation leader at Basel    Johann Oecolampadius (Hellenized form of Heusegen or candlestick) was born at Weinsberg, Swabia, Germany, in 1482. In 1499 he moved to Heidelberg to study theology and literature.… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Johann Eck — (November 13, 1486 ndash; February 13, 1543) was a 16th century theologian and defender of Catholicism during the Protestant Reformation. It was Eck who argued that the beliefs of Martin Luther and Jan Hus were similar. Education, Post at… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Faber — (1478 ndash; 1541) was a Catholic theologian.He was born in Leutkirch, Swabia and studied theology and canon law at Tübingen and Freiburg in the Breisgau region and was made doctor of sacred theology in Freiburg.He subsequently became, (in… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Oekolampad — Johannes Oekolampad Johannes Oekolampad, auch Oekolampadius oder Ökolampad, (* 1482 in Weinsberg; † 24. November 1531 in Basel) war ein Schweizer Theologe und Humanist und der Reformator von Basel. Sein ursprünglicher Name war Johannes Heussgen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Oecolampadius — Johannes Œcolampadius (or Œkolampad) (1482 – 24 November 1531) was a German religious reformer. His real name was Hussgen or Heussgen (changed to Hausschein and then into the Greek equivalent, which is derived from oikos, house, and lâmpada, lamp …   Wikipedia

  • Eck, Johann — orig. Johann Maier born Nov. 13, 1486, Egg, Swabia died Feb. 10, 1543, Ingolstadt, Bavaria German Roman Catholic theologian. He was ordained in 1508, became a doctor of theology in 1510, and began a lifelong career at the University of Ingolstadt …   Universalium

  • Froben, Johann — (1460 1527)    Basel printer, head of the greatest northern Renaissance publishing and printing firm of the early 16th century, which continued under the direction of his heirs and associates until 1587. Froben was a master printer and successful …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Basel, Confession of — ▪ Swiss history       moderate Protestant Reformation statement of Reformed doctrine composed of 12 articles. It was first drafted by John Oecolampadius (Oecolampadius, Johann), the Reformer of Basel, and was compiled in fuller form in 1532 by… …   Universalium

  • Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius — ▪ German religious reformer original name  Wolfgang Köpfel  born 1478, Hagenau, Alsace [now in France] died November 4, 1541, Strasbourg]       Christian humanist and Roman Catholic priest who, breaking with his Roman faith, became a primary… …   Universalium

  • Haetzer, Ludwig — ▪ Swiss Anabaptist Haetzer also spelled  Hetzer  born c. 1500, Bischofszell, Thurgau, Switzerland died February 4, 1529, Constance        Anabaptist, iconoclast, and Reformer.       After studies at Freiburg im Breisgau, Haetzer was probably… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”