Northumbria, Tostig, earl of
- Northumbria, Tostig, earl of
▪ Anglo-Saxon earl
died Sept. 25, 1066, Stamford Bridge, Yorkshire [now in East Yorkshire], Eng.
Anglo-Saxon earl who became a mortal enemy of his brother Earl Harold, who became King Harold II
Tostig was a son, probably the third, of Godwine, earl of Wessex and Kent, and in 1051 married Judith, half sister of Baldwin V, count of Flanders. In the year of his marriage he shared the short exile of his father, returning with him to England in 1052, and he became earl of Northumbria after the death of Earl Siward in 1055. By stern measures, Tostig introduced a certain degree of order into the wild northern district under his rule; this severity made him exceedingly unpopular, and in 1065 Northumbria broke into open revolt. Declaring Tostig an outlaw and choosing Morkere in his stead, the rebels marched southward and were met at Oxford by Earl Harold, who, rather against the will of King Edward the Confessor, granted their demands.
Tostig sailed to Flanders and thence to Normandy, where he offered his services to Duke William (the future William the Conqueror), who was related to Tostig's wife and who was preparing for his invasion of England. Tostig then harried the Isle of Wight and the Kentish and Lincolnshire coasts and, after a stay in Scotland and possibly a visit to Norway, joined another invader, Harald III Hardraade, king of Norway, in the River Tyne. Together they sailed up the Humber and at Gate Fulford, near York, defeated Earls Morkere and Edwine and entered York. But his brother Harold, now king, was hurrying to the north. Taking the Norwegians by surprise at Stamford Bridge, he destroyed their army on Sept. 25, 1066, and in this battle both Tostig and the king of Norway were slain.
Tostig's two sons apparently took refuge in Norway, and his widow Judith married Welf, duke of Bavaria.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Tostig Godwinson — (auch Tosti, Tosty, Toste; * ca. 1026; † 25. September 1066) war von 1055 bis 1065 Graf (Earl) von Northumbria. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Familie 2 Leben 2.1 Frühe Jahre … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tostig Godwinson — (1026? ndash; September 25, 1066) was an Anglo Saxon earl of Northumbria and brother of King Harold II of England, the last crowned Anglo Saxon King of England.Early lifeTostig was born the third child of Godwin, Earl of Wessex and Kent, and… … Wikipedia
Tostig Godwinson — (fallecido el 25 de septiembre de 1066), fue un conde anglosajón (Earl de Northumbria), hermano del último rey anglosajón de Inglaterra, Harold Godwinson. Contenido 1 Comienzos 2 Earl de Northumbria 3 Destitución de Tostig … Wikipedia Español
Earl of Northumbria — war ein Titel in der anglodänischen, späten angelsächsischen und frühen anglonormannischen Zeit in England. Das Earldom Northumbria war der Nachfolger der Ealdormanry Bamburgh, die wiederum die Nachfolgerin des unabhängigen Königreichs Bernicia… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Earl of Northumbria — was a title in the Anglo Danish, late Anglo Saxon, and early Anglo Norman period in England. The earldom of Northumbria was the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia. Under the Norse kingdom of… … Wikipedia
Tostig — died Sept. 25, 1066, Stamford Bridge, Yorkshire, Eng. Anglo Saxon earl of Northumbria. He had strong ties with Norway and became earl of Northumbria in 1055; his severity in subduing the wild northern district stirred revolt in 1065. The rebels… … Universalium
Earl of York — Der Titel eines Earl of York existierte in England von der Mitte des 10. Jahrhunderts bis zur Mitte des 12. Jahrhunderts. Die Earls of York waren die Nachfolger der Könige von Jorvik, dessen letzter Erik I. Blutaxt König von Norwegen, † 954, war … Deutsch Wikipedia
Godwin, Earl of Wessex — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = Earl name = Godwin honorific suffix = of Wessex imagesize = small caption = order = office = term start = 1019 term end = 1053 vicepresident = viceprimeminister = deputy = lieutenant = monarch = president … Wikipedia
Gospatric, Earl of Northumbria — Gospatric or Cospatric (from the Cumbric Servant of Saint Patrick ), (died after 1073), was Earl of Northumbria, or of Bernicia, and later lord of sizable estates around Dunbar. While his ancestry is uncertain, his descendants held the Earldom of … Wikipedia
Osulf II of Northumbria — Osulf II (also known as Oswulf ) was the son of Eadulf III, Earl of Bernicia (killed 1041), and grandson of Uchtred the Bold, Earl of Northumbria (killed 1016). Osulf’s family ruled as earls of Northumbria from 954 until 1016, and as earls of… … Wikipedia