Nitta Yoshisada

Nitta Yoshisada

▪ Japanese military leader
born 1301, Kōzuke province, Japan
died , Aug. 17, 1338, Echizen province

      Japanese warrior whose support of the imperial restoration of the emperor Go-Daigo was crucial in destroying the Kamakura shogunate, the military dictatorship that governed Japan from 1192 until 1333. The ultimate defeat of Nitta resulted in the end of the imperial restoration and the rise to power of the Ashikaga family, which dominated Japan from 1338 to 1573.

      When Go-Daigo (Daigo, Go-) first rebelled against the Kamakura shogunate in 1331, Nitta, as a Kamakura retainer, helped defeat the emperor's armies. The following year, however, Nitta switched allegiance and led the army that attacked and destroyed the Kamakura shogunate. He was one of the strongest men in the new court government, but he soon had a falling out with Ashikaga Takauji, another former Kamakura retainer who had also switched sides. Go-Daigo supported Nitta in the ensuing struggle, and in 1335 Takauji was driven from the capital, only to return a year later at the head of a large army and navy recruited from provincial warriors. The emperor's forces were crushed, and Nitta fled the capital, taking Go-Daigo with him.

      Takauji established a new puppet emperor at Kyōto, while Nitta set up Go-Daigo at Yoshino-yama, in south-central Japan, thus establishing two rival imperial courts, a northern court at Kyōto and a southern court at Yoshino. Nitta regained power in 1338 but died a few months later when he was hit by a stray arrow in a surprise attack.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nitta Yoshisada — (jap. 新田 義貞; * 1301; † 1338) stammte vom alten Minamoto Clan ab. Er war ein Samurai in der Provinz Kozuke. Er arbeitete sich zu einem der größten Feldherrn des damaligen Kaisers hoch und wurde wegen seines außerordentlichen Mutes und seinen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nitta Yoshisada — In this Japanese name, the family name is Nitta . Nitta Yoshisada in a painting by Kikuchi Yōsai. Nitta Yoshisada (新田 義貞 …   Wikipedia

  • Yoshisada — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Yoshisada Kumagaya, japanischer Motorradrennfahrer Nitta Yoshisada (1301–1338), japanischer Samurai Yoshisada Shimizu (* 1943), japanischer Astronom Yoshisada bezeichnet außerdem: (7300) Yoshisada, ein Asteroid …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nitta — bezeichnet: einen japanischen Klan, den Nitta (Klan) mit den Angehörigen: Nitta Yoshisada die Mangaka Youka Nitta den Mangaka Tatsuo Nitta Nitta ist der Familienname: des japanischen Philosophen Yoshihiro Nitta …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nitta Yoshiaki — (新田義顕?) (died 1338), son of Nitta Yoshisada, fought for Emperor Go Daigo, against the Ashikaga at the end of the Kamakura period. He was one of the chief generals at the fortress of Kanagasaki, which fell to the Ashikaga; Yoshiaki was killed, and …   Wikipedia

  • Nitta clan — The Nitta clan (新田氏, Nitta shi?) was one of several major families descended from the Seiwa Genji, and numbered among the chief enemies of the Ashikaga shogunate, and later the Hōjō clan regents. The common ancestor of the Nitta, Minamoto no… …   Wikipedia

  • Nitta Yoshioki — The death of Nitta Yoshioki at the Yaguchi Ferry , by Utagawa Kuniyoshi. Nitta Yoshioki (新田義興) (died 1358) was a samurai of the Nitta family, who fought for the Imperial Southern Court in the Nanboku cho period of Japanese history. He was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nitta Yoshimune — In this Japanese name, the family name is Nitta . Nitta Yoshimune (新田 義宗?, 1335 – 1368) was the third son of Nitta Yoshisada, and a commander of loyalist (Imperial) forces during the Nanbokuchō Wars. In 1352, Yoshimune led a force from Echigo… …   Wikipedia

  • Nitta Yoshisuke — In this Japanese name, the family name is Nitta . Nitta Yoshisuke (新田義助 …   Wikipedia

  • Nitta Yoshimune — Yoshimune Nitta Yoshimune Nitta (新田義宗) (1335 1368) était un samuraï du Japon médiéval. Il était le troisième fils de Yoshisada Nitta, membre le plus illustre du clan Nitta. Il a soutenu la cour du Sud face au clan Ashikaga lors de la période… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”