Nicholas Of Hereford

Nicholas Of Hereford

▪ English scholar

died c. 1420, , Coventry, Warwickshire, Eng.

      theological scholar and advocate of the English reform movement within the Roman Church who later recanted his unorthodox views and participated in the repression of other reformers. He collaborated with John Wycliffe (Wycliffe, John) on the first complete English translation of the Bible.

      Nicholas was ordained in 1370 and later received a doctorate in theology (1382) from Oxford. While at Oxford he was influenced by Wycliffe, founder of an evangelical Christian group called Lollards (Lollard). Developing the reform theology of Lollardism further through his own preaching, Nicholas denounced clerical luxury and affirmed the right of every Christian to establish his personal belief through meditation on the Scriptures. He and Wycliffe, along with other Lollards, were condemned for their views and called to appear before the Archbishop of Canterbury's court in 1382; when they refused to appear, they were excommunicated.

      Nicholas immediately appealed his case to Pope Urban VI and went to Rome to plead, but he was again condemned and was sentenced to imprisonment for life. He escaped during a popular uprising against the Pope in June 1385 but was jailed by the Archbishop of Canterbury on his return to England. He was subjected to harsh treatment at Saltwood Castle, Kent (1388–89), and his writings were seized by order of King Richard II. By 1391 he recanted his beliefs, was granted royal protection, and was appointed theological inquisitor of suspected heretics. Chroniclers of the time report that he vigorously disputed his former Lollard colleagues. He was appointed chancellor of Hereford Cathedral (1391), and in 1395 he became chancellor of St. Paul's, London. From 1397 to 1417 he was treasurer at Hereford; shortly before his death he resigned the post and entered a Carthusian monastery.

      The most important of Nicholas' literary works—and the only one extant—is the Wycliffe Bible. Nicholas is believed to have been entrusted with the translation of the Old Testament, the major part of which was completed by 1382. His other writings were destroyed by Richard II during Nicholas' captivity at Saltwood Castle, although documents of the period preserve his Confession of 1382 and other public statements of his beliefs.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicholas Hereford — Nicholas of Hereford (fl. 1390) was an English theological scholar, and advocate of the English reform movement within the Roman Church. He later recanted his unorthodox views and participated in the repression of other reformers. He collaborated …   Wikipedia

  • Hereford Cathedral — Infobox UK cathedral building name =Hereford Cathedral infobox width = image size = caption =Hereford Cathedral from the north map type = map size = map caption = location = full name =Cathedral Church of Blessed Virgin Mary and St Ethelbert geo …   Wikipedia

  • Hereford and South Herefordshire (UK Parliament constituency) — Hereford and South Herefordshire County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Hereford and South …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Daniel — (born 9 January 1962) is a British oboist and conductor. He won the BBC Young Musician of the Year Competition at eighteen and has since become one of the United Kingdom s most distinguished soloists. He is a founding member of the Haffner Wind… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Wotton — Nicholas Wotton, by an unknown artist Nicholas Wotton (c. 1497 – 26 January 1567) was an English diplomat Life He was a son of Sir Robert Wotton of Boughton Malherbe, Kent, and a descendant of Nicholas Wotton, lord mayor of London in 1415 and… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Heath — (* um 1501 in London; † Dezember 1578 in Chobham Park, Surrey[1]) war Lordkanzler und letzter katholischer Erzbischof von York. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Harrhy — Personal information Full name Nicholas Harrhy Date of birth 14 September 1982 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Monck — Bishop Monck. Nicholas Monck (c. 1610 – 7 December 1661) was bishop of Hereford and provost of Eton. He was the younger brother of George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle.[1] He attended Wadham College, Oxford. In October 1642 married the daughter of …   Wikipedia

  • Hereford — infobox UK place country = England official name= Hereford latitude= 52.0565 longitude= 2.7160 civil parish= Hereford population = 50,400 [cite web | url= Hereford City Area Profile.pdf | format= PDF | work=… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Heath — For other people named Nicholas Heath, see Nicholas Heath (disambiguation). Nicholas Heath Archbishop of York Enthroned 1555 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”