Monsoon Current

Monsoon Current

also called  Monsoon Drift  

      surface current of the northern Indian Ocean. Unlike the Atlantic and Pacific, both of which have strong currents circulating clockwise north of the Equator, the northern Indian Ocean has surface currents that change with the seasonal monsoon. During the northeast monsoon (November–March), the Indian North Equatorial Current (or Northeast Monsoon Drift) flows southwest and west, crossing the Equator. Between this westerly current and the westerly current maintained south of the Equator by the southeast trade winds, a strong equatorial countercurrent flows east at about latitude 10° S. The southwest monsoon sets in from April to October. Joining with the southeast trades, which at this time cross the Equator and veer to the southwest, it reverses the flow of the current, pushing the Southwest Monsoon Drift eastward and sending branches north into the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal, as a major western boundary current with surface current velocities as high as 9 miles (14 km) per hour. The movement of the Indian South Equatorial Current is particularly strong off the Somali coast and southeastern Arabia, where upwelling lowers the surface temperature of the water near shore. The Equatorial Countercurrent is not in evidence at that time of year.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monsoon of Indian subcontinent — Indian subcontinent with flags of individual countries A Monsoon of the Indian subcontinent is among the several geographically distributed observations of the global monsoons. In the subcontinent, it is one of oldest weather observations, an… …   Wikipedia

  • Monsoon (speakers) — Monsoon logo Monsoon is a brand of loudspeakers, originally automotive speaker systems and later computer speakers. Monsoon was originally associated with OEM sourced automotive audio speaker systems, notably supplied on a number of General… …   Wikipedia

  • Monsoon — This article is about the seasonal winds. For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). Part of the Nature series on …   Wikipedia

  • current — Synonyms and related words: AC, Brownian movement, DC, Zeitgeist, a la mode, absorption current, accepted, accessible, accidental, accompanying, accustomed, active current, actual, ado, advance, advised, affirmed, affluence, afflux, affluxion,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • monsoon — Synonyms and related words: air current, cat and dog weather, crosscurrent, current, current of air, dirty weather, downdraft, draft, fall wind, flow of air, following wind, head wind, indraft, inflow, inhalation, inrush, inspiration, jetstream,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • current of air — noun air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure trees bent under the fierce winds when there is no wind, row the radioactivity was being swept upwards by the air current and out into… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Somali Current — a current of the Indian Ocean, flowing northward along the coast of Somalia in summer and southwestward the rest of the year. * * * ▪ current, Indian Ocean       surface current of the western Indian Ocean, caused during the northern summer… …   Universalium

  • Ocean current — This article is about ocean currents. For other uses, see Current (disambiguation). The ocean currents. Distinctive white lines trace the flow of surface currents around the world. An ocean cur …   Wikipedia

  • Oyashio Current — The Oyashio Current colliding with the Kuroshio Current near Hokkaido. When two currents collide, they create eddies. Phytoplankton growing in the surface waters become concentrated along the boundaries of these eddies, tracing out the motions of …   Wikipedia

  • Norwegian Current — The Norwegian Current (also known as the Norwegian Coastal Current) is a water current that flows north easterly along the Atlantic coast of Norway at depths of between 50 and 100 meters. It contrasts with the North Atlantic Current because it is …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”