Monk, Thelonious

Monk, Thelonious

▪ American musician
in full  Thelonious Sphere Monk  
born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S.
died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J.
 American pianist and composer who was among the first creators of modern jazz.

      As the pianist in the band at Minton's Play House, a nightclub in New York City, in the early 1940s, Monk had great influence on the other musicians who later developed the bebop movement. For much of his career Monk performed and recorded with small groups. His playing was percussive and sparse, often being described as “angular,” and he used complex and dissonant harmonies and unusual intervals and rhythms. Monk's music was known for its humorous, almost playful, quality. He was also one of the most prolific composers in the history of jazz. Many of his compositions, which were generally written in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad form, became jazz standards. Among his best-known works are “Well, You Needn't,” “I Mean You,” “Straight, No Chaser,” “Criss-Cross,” “Mysterioso,” “Epistrophy,” “Blue Monk,” and “ ‘Round Midnight.” He influenced the flavour of much modern jazz, notably the work of George Russell, Randy Weston (Weston, Randy), and Cecil Taylor (Taylor, Cecil).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monk,Thelonious Sphere — Monk, Thelonious Sphere. 1917 1982. American jazz pianist and composer whose spare style and unusual harmonic sense made him one of the most influential modern jazz musicians. * * * …   Universalium

  • Monk, Thelonious (Sphere) — born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S. died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J. U.S. jazz pianist and composer. Monk grew up in New York City. He worked as the house pianist at Minton s Playhouse in New York (1940–43), where the expanding… …   Universalium

  • Monk, Thelonious (Sphere) — (10 oct. 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., EE.UU.–17 feb. 1982, Englewood, N.J.). Pianista y compositor de jazz estadounidense. Criado en Nueva York, trabajó como pianista estable de la Minton s Playhouse en dicha ciudad (1940–43), donde el vocabulario… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thelonious Sphere Monk — Thelonious Monk bei der Expo 1967 in Montréal Thelonious Sphere Monk (* 10. Oktober 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina; † 17. Februar 1982 in Weehawken, New Jersey) war ein US afroamerikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Thélonious Monk — Thelonious Monk Thelonious Monk Nom Thelonious Sphere Monk Naissance 10 octobre 1917 Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monk (album) — Monk Album par Thelonious Monk Sortie 1954 Enregistrement 13 novembre 1953, 11 mai 1954 Durée 38:00 Genre Jazz Producteur Bob Weinst …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monk's Music — Studio album by Thelonious Monk Released 1957 …   Wikipedia

  • Thelonious Monk Trio — Studio album by Thelonious Monk Released 1954 Recorded October 15 &am …   Wikipedia

  • Monk's Dream (Thelonious Monk album) — Monk s Dream Studio album by The Thelonious Monk Quartet Released 1963 …   Wikipedia

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