Monboddo, James Burnett, Lord

Monboddo, James Burnett, Lord

▪ Scottish jurist and anthropologist
born , October or November 1714, Monboddo, Kincardine, Scot.
died May 26, 1799, Edinburgh
 Scottish jurist and pioneer anthropologist who explored the origins of language and society and anticipated principles of Darwinian evolution.

      Monboddo's main work, Of the Origin and Progress of Language (6 vol., 1773–92), contains a vast body of curious lore on the manners and customs of primitive peoples, relates man to the orangutan, and traces his development to a social state. Some of Monboddo's ideas and habits earned him a reputation as an eccentric: he believed, for instance, that children are born with tails, and at his dinner parties the table was strewn with roses in emulation of the Roman poet Horace. His sayings, whims, and oddities became legendary in his lifetime.

      He assumed the title Lord Monboddo in 1767 when he became a judge as ordinary lord of session, in Edinburgh.

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  • Monboddo, James Burnett, Lord — (1714 1799)    Philosopher and philologist, b. at the family seat in Kincardineshire, was ed. at the Univ. of Aberdeen, Edin., and Groningen, and called to the Scottish Bar in 1737. Thirty years later he became a judge with the title of Lord… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • MONBODDO, JAMES BURNETT, LORD —    a Scottish judge, born in Kincardineshire, an eccentric writer, author of a Dissertation on the Origin of Language and of Ancient Metaphysics ; had original fancies on the origin, particularly of the human race from the monkey, conceived not… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • James Burnett, Lord Monboddo — James Burnet redirects here. For the Scottish painter, see James M. Burnet. Lord Monboddo, pencil sketch by John Brown, circa 1777 James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (25 October 1714 – 26 May 1799) was a Scottish judge, scholar of linguistic evolution …   Wikipedia

  • James Burnett, Lord Monboddo — James Burnett Philosophe occidental Époque moderne Dessin au crayon de Lord Monboddo par John Brown, v. 1777. Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Burnett — James Burnett, Lord Monboddo James Burnett Philosophe occidental Époque moderne James Burnett, Lord Monboddo Naissance : 1714 Décès  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Burnett — James Burnet, Lord Monboddo (* 25. Oktober 1714 im Monboddo House, Kincardineshire, Schottland; † 26. Mai 1799) war ein schottischer Advokat und Literat. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monboddo — Monboddo, James Burnett, Lord M., geb. 1714 zu Monboddo in Schottland, wurde 1767 Präsident des Sessionshofes in London u. st. 1799. Er schr.: On the origin and progress of language, Edinb. 1775–82, 6 Bde. (deutsch von Schmidt, Riga 1784 ff.);… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lord Monboddo — James Burnett, Lord Monboddo Nacimiento 25 de octubre de 1714 Kincardineshire, Escocia Fallecimiento 26 de mayo de 1799 Edimburgo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monboddo House — as restored in the year 2006 Monboddo House (56°53′N 2°25′W …   Wikipedia

  • Lord Monboddo — James Burnet, Lord Monboddo (* 25. Oktober 1714 im Monboddo House, Kincardineshire, Schottland; † 26. Mai 1799) war ein schottischer Advokat und Literat. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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