isolated provincia (province) of northeastern Argentina. Misiones lies between the Alto (Upper) Paraná River and Paraguay to the west, the Iguaçu (Iguazú) River (and tributaries) and Brazil to the north, the Uruguay River (and tributaries) and Brazil to the east and southeast, and Corrientes province of Argentina to the southwest. Its area is mostly a basalt continuation of the Paraná Plateau of Brazil, lying at elevations of 650 to 2,600 feet (200 to 800 metres). The province's rough terrain is covered mostly by subtropical evergreen rainforest and is accented by canyons, rivers, and low ranges of the Victoria, Imán, and Misiones mountains. The province contains Iguazú National Park, which, with an area of 190 square miles (492 square km), includes part of Iguaçu Falls, one of the world's largest and most spectacular cataracts. The park and Iguaçu National Park, its counterpart in Brazil, were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1984 and 1986, respectively.

      The region received its name from the Jesuit missions established among the Guaraní Indians there in the 17th and 18th centuries. It became an Argentine territory after years of dispute with Paraguay and Brazil and the War of the Triple Alliance (Triple Alliance, War of the) of 1864–70. In 1882 it received territorial status and acquired its capital, Posadas, from Corrientes province. Colonization of the land, beginning in the 1880s by assorted ethnic groups (including Poles, Ukrainians, Japanese, Brazilians, German-Brazilians, and Germans), continued into the mid-20th century. In 1953 the territory gained provincial status.

      The principal economic staple is the shrub Ilex paraguariensis, which is used to make the tealike beverage maté (Paraguayan tea); also important are lumber, tung oil, tea, and cassava (manioc). Industry, centred in Posadas, deals primarily with wood processing. The ruins of Jesuit missions and Iguaçu Falls are popular tourist attractions. Area 11,506 square miles (29,801 square km). Pop. (2001) 965,522.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Misiones — hat mehrere Bedeutungen: Misiones (Argentinien) ist eine Provinz in Argentinien Misiones (Paraguay) ist ein Departamento in Paraguay Misiones bolivarianas sind ein Sozialprogramm in Venezuela Misiones (E 11), Zerstörer der argentinischen Marine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Misiones — Misiones. □ V. cedro de Misiones. * * * ● El departamento de Misiones de Paraguay ● La provincia de Misiones de Argentina ● Misión * * * Prov. del NE de Argentina, entre los ríos Uruguay y Paraná y fronteriza con Paraguay y Brasil; 29 801 km2 y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Misiones — ☛ V. cedro de Misiones …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Misĭones — Misĭones, Gouvernement der Argentinischen Republik, nordöstlichster Teil derselben, begrenzt von Paraguay, Brasilien und der Provinz Corrientes, fast ganz eingeschlossen vom Parana und Uruguay und deren Zuflüssen, 29,229 qkm mit (1900) 32,521… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Misiones — Misiōnes, nordöstl. Territorium Argentiniens, zwischen dem Uruguay und dem Paraná, 29.229 qkm, (1903) 37.147 E., nach den Jesuitenmissionen des 17. und 18. Jahrh. benannt; nach der Vertreibung der Jesuiten 1778 verödet; seit 1870 wieder… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Misiones — La palabra Misiones puede hacer referencia a: La provincia argentina de Misiones. El departamento paraguayo de Misiones. El Territorio Nacional de Misiones, antigua división administrativa de Argentina, que abarcaba la provincia actual y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Misiones — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Misiones, mot espagnol signifiant « missions » en français, peut aussi désigner : Subdivisions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Misiones — Misiọnes,   1) Provinz in Argentinien, zwischen Paraguay und Brasilien, 29 801 km2, 788 900 Einwohner, Hauptstadt ist Posadas. Misiones ist die einzige mit subtropischem Feuchtwald bestandene argentinische Provinz, im Osten treten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Misiones — 1 Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Misiones Country and Admin Code AR.14 AR 2 Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Misiones Country and Admin Code PY.12 PY …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Misiones — Sp Misjònesas Ap Misiones L ŠR Argentinos p ja; P Paragvajaus departamentas …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”