Mari language

Mari language

      member of the Finno-Ugric division of the Uralic language family, spoken primarily in the Mari El republic, Russia. The three major dialects of Mari are the Meadow dialect, spoken in Mari El and north of the Volga River; the Mountain (Hill) dialect, spoken mostly south of the Volga, between the Volga and Sura rivers (Chuvashiya republic); and the Eastern dialect, spoken around the Kama River. The Meadow and Mountain dialects are quite similar, but each has produced a distinct literary language. The linguistic and cultural history of Mari has been closely tied to that of its closest Uralic neighbours, Mordvin and the Permic languages—Udmurt, Komi, and Permyak. There were more than 500,000 Mari speakers in the late 20th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mari language — Mari марий йылме marij jəlme Spoken in Russian Federation: autonomous republics Mari El, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Udmurtia; oblasti Nizhny Novgorod, Kirov, Sverdlovsk, Orenburg; Perm Krai …   Wikipedia

  • Meadow Mari language — Meadow Mari Spoken in Mariy El Autonomous Republic, Russia Native speakers 460,000  (2002 census) Language family Uralic Mari …   Wikipedia

  • Mari people — Mari Total population 604,000 Regions with significant populations …   Wikipedia

  • Mari — may refer to: Mari (given name) Mari language, Uralic language Mari people, Volga Finnic people Places Mari El Republic, a federal subject of Russia Mari Autonomous Oblast (1920–1936), an administrative division of the Russian SFSR, Soviet Union… …   Wikipedia

  • Mari (Sprache) — Mari (marij jəlme) Gesprochen in Russland Sprecher 600.000 Linguistische Klassifikation Uralisch Finno Ugrisch Wolgafinnisch Mari …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mari —    Ethnic group. Previously known as Cheremiss, the Mari are a Finnic people whose traditional homeland lies in the Volga and Kama river basins. They are the titular nationality of Mari El, where they form 43 percent of the population, but also… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Mari (langue) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mari. Mari Марий йылме Parlée en  Russie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mari El — For other uses, see Mari (disambiguation). Mari El Republic Республика Марий Эл (Russian) Марий Эл Республик (Mari)   Republic   …   Wikipedia

  • Mari El —    An ethnic republic of the Russian Federation. Incorporated into Russia in the 16th century, the Finnic Mari people often resisted attempts at Russification, maintaining a separate ethnic and religious identity. The Soviets established the Mari …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • MARI — MARI, one of the principal centers of Mesopotamia during the third and early second millennia B.C.E. The archaeological and epigraphical discoveries there are of prime significance for the history of Mesopotamia and Upper Syria. The Akkadian… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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