Lyons, Joseph Aloysius

Lyons, Joseph Aloysius

▪ prime minister of Australia
born Sept. 15, 1879, Stanley, Tasmania [Australia]
died April 7, 1939, Sydney
 Australian statesman who helped form the United Australia Party in 1931. As prime minister (1931–39), he saw the nation's economic recovery from the Great Depression and increased defense activity.

      At the age of 17, Lyons became a teacher in the Education Department and was elected a Labor member of the Tasmanian House of Assembly in 1909. As Tasmania's first Labor premier (1923–28), he sponsored bills to encourage industry and to provide welfare benefits for public employees. He was elected to the Australian federal Parliament in 1929 and served as postmaster general and minister for public works and railways until 1931, when he resigned to lead the newly formed United Australia Party to victory in the elections.

      Lyons' ministry benefited from worldwide economic recovery and achieved a government surplus in 1934, along with a continuing decline in unemployment and diversification of industry. Concerned about European instability and Japanese aggression in China in the mid-1930s, he sponsored expansion of the nation's military forces. His government gave some aid to cultural activity, scientific research, and public health. Lyons died in office. His wife, Dame Enid Lyons, continued a public career and became the first woman to hold ministerial office in Australia.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • LYONS, Joseph Aloysius (1879-1939) — prime minister of Australia was born at Circular Head near Stanley, Tasmania, on 15 September 1879. His father, Michael Lyons, was a successful farmer who afterwards engaged in a butchery and bakery business, but lost this on account of bad… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Joseph Lyons — Joseph Aloysius Lyons, CH (* 15. September 1879 in Stanley (Tasmanien); † 7. April 1939 in Sydney, New South Wales) war ein australischer Politiker und der 10. Premierminister des Landes. Seine Amtszeit dauerte vom 6 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Lyons — Infobox Prime Minister honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name=Joseph Lyons honorific suffix = CH order=10th Prime Minister of Australia Elections: 1931, 1934, 1937 term start =6 January 1932 term end =7 April 1939 predecessor =James Scullin …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Lyons — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lyons. Joseph Lyons Joseph Aloysius Lyons (15 septembre 1879 7 avril …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Lyons — Tesorero y Ministro de Educación 6 de enero de 1932 – 7 de abril de 1939 Actualmente en el cargo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lyons — I. /ˈlaɪənz/ (say luyuhnz) noun 1. Dame Enid Muriel, 1897–1981, Australian politician; the first woman member of the House of Representatives (in 1943). 2. her husband, Joseph Aloysius, 1879–1939, Australian politician; left the Labor Party to… …  

  • Lyons — biographical name Joseph Aloysius 1879 1939 Australian statesman; prime minister (1931 39) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lyons — /luy euhnz/ for 1; /lee awonn / or, sometimes, /luy euhnz/ for 2, n. 1. Joseph Aloysius, 1879 1939, Australian statesman: prime minister 1932 39. 2. French, Lyon. a city in and the capital of Rhone, in E France at the confluence of the Rhone and… …   Universalium

  • Enid Lyons — The Honourable Dame Enid Lyons AD, GBE Enid and Joseph Lyons in the 1930 s Member of the Australian Parliament for Darwin …   Wikipedia

  • Denny Lyons — Third baseman Born: March 12, 1866(1866 03 12) Cincinnati, Ohio …   Wikipedia

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