Lipmann, Fritz Albert

Lipmann, Fritz Albert

▪ American scientist
born June 12, 1899, Königsberg, Ger. [now Kaliningrad, Russia]
died July 24, 1986, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., U.S.
 German-born American biochemist, who received (with Sir Hans Krebs (Krebs, Sir Hans Adolf)) the 1953 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of coenzyme A, an important catalytic substance involved in the cellular conversion of food into energy.

      Lipmann earned an M.D. degree (1924) and a Ph.D. degree (1927) from the University of Berlin. He conducted research in the laboratory of the biochemist Otto Meyerhof at the University of Heidelberg (1927–30) and then did research at the Biological Institute of the Carlsberg Foundation (Carlsbergfondets Biologiske Institut), Copenhagen (1932–39), and at the Cornell Medical School, New York City (1939–41).

      At Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (1941–57), where he directed the biochemistry research department, and as professor of biological chemistry at the Harvard Medical School (1949–57), Lipmann found a catalytically active, heat-stable factor in pigeon liver extracts. He subsequently isolated (1947), named, and determined the molecular structure (1953) of this factor, coenzyme A (or CoA), which is now known to be bound to acetic acid as the end product of sugar and fat breakdown in the absence of oxygen. Coenzyme A is one of the most important substances involved in cellular metabolism; it helps in the conversion of amino acids, steroids, fatty acids, and hemoglobins into energy.

      Lipmann taught or conducted research at the Rockefeller Institute, now Rockefeller University, New York City, from 1957 until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • LIPMANN, FRITZ ALBERT — (1899–1986), U.S. biochemist and Nobel Prize winner. Lipmann was born in Koenigsberg, Germany. From 1927 to 1931 he pursued research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin and at Heidelberg. With the rise of the Nazi regime he left Germany and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lipmann,Fritz Albert — Lip·mann (lĭpʹmən), Fritz Albert. 1899 1986. German born American biochemist. He shared a 1953 Nobel Prize for studies of metabolic processes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lipmann , Fritz Albert — (1899–1986) German–American biochemist After attending the university in his native city of Königsberg (now Kaliningrad in Russia), Lipmann studied in Berlin, where he obtained his MD in 1922 and his doctorate in 1927. He then worked with Otto… …   Scientists

  • Lipmann, Fritz Albert — (1899–1986)    US biochemist and Nobel laureate, 1953. With the rise of Nazism, Lipmann left Germany and emigrated to the United States in 1939, after some years in Denmark. His career in the US was crowned by his appointment as professor at the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Fritz Albert Lipmann — (* 12. Juni 1899 in Königsberg; † 24. Juli 1986 in Poughkeepsie, New York) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Biochemiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Albert Lipmann — (12 juin 1899 24 juillet 1986) est un biochimiste américain né en Allemagne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fritz Albert Lipmann — Fritz Albert Lipmann …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fritz Albert Lipmann — (June 12 1899 ndash; July 24 1986) was a German American biochemist and a co discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A. For this, together with other research on coenzyme A, he was awarded half the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953.Lipmann was …   Wikipedia

  • Fritz Albert Lipmann — noun United States biochemist (born in Germany) noted for his studies of metabolic processes (1899 1986) • Syn: ↑Lipmann • Instance Hypernyms: ↑biochemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lipmann — Fritz Albert …   Scientists

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