Khoei, Abolqasem al-

Khoei, Abolqasem al-

▪ Iranian cleric
also spelled  Abū al-Qāsim al-Khūʾī 
born November 19, 1899, Khvoy, Iran
died August 8, 1992, Al-Kūfah, Iraq

      Iranian-born cleric who, as a grand ayatollah based in the holy city of Al-Najaf (Najaf, Al-), Iraq, was the spiritual leader of millions of Shīʿite Muslims.

      Khoei studied Persian poetry and religion as a child. At age 13 he was sent to study Islamic law ( Sharīʿah) at Al-Najaf, where he remained and became one of the most important Shīʿite clerics of his day, attaining the status of marjaʿ al-taqlīd (Arabic: “source of emulation”) in 1970 and ministering to Shīʿite communities both in Iraq and throughout the world. Khoei was mentor to many of the most important clerics of the last quarter of the 20th century, including Muḥammad Bāqir al-Ṣadr of Iraq and Mūsā al-Ṣadr and Muḥammad Ḥusayn Faḍlallāh of Lebanon. He established an international charitable foundation (Al-Khoei Benevolent Foundation) and wrote more than 90 books on Shīʿite religion, including a commentary on the Qurʾān, Al-Bayān fī Tafsīr al-Qurʾān (“The Elucidation of the Exegesis of the Qurʾān”). Although he openly criticized the regime of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (Reza Shah Pahlavi), he refused to endorse Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (Khomeini, Ruhollah) and his Islamic revolution in Iran and was widely regarded as the chief spokesman for the “quietists”—those Shīʿite clerics who believed that the religious class should avoid political activism. He also refused to take sides in the Iran-Iraq War (1980–88), and after an unsuccessful Shīʿite uprising against the Iraqi regime in the wake of the Persian Gulf War (1990–91), the Iraqi regime placed Khoei under house arrest. The Iraqi government refused to allow a large public funeral for the cleric, but the governments of both Iran and Iraq declared an official three-day period of mourning following his death.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sabzevārī, ʿAbd al-Aʿlā al-Mūsawī al- — ▪ Iranian cleric born December 21, 1910, Sabzevār, Iran died August 16, 1993, Al Najaf, Iraq       Iranian born cleric who, from 1992 to 1993, was the grand ayatollah in the Islamic holy city of Al Najaf (Najaf, Al ) and, thus, spiritual leader… …   Universalium

  • Najaf, Al- — ▪ Iraq also spelled  Nejef,  also called  Mashhad ʿAlī   city, capital of Al Najaf muḥāfaẓah (governorate), central Iraq. Located about 100 miles (160 km) south of Baghdad, Al Najaf lies on a ridge just west of the Euphrates River. It is one of… …   Universalium

  • Nowruz — For other uses, see Nowruz (disambiguation). Nowrūz Also called Also spelled Nouruz, Norouz, Norooz, Narooz, Nawruz, Newroz, Newruz, Nauruz, Nawroz, Noruz, Nohrooz, Novruz, Nauroz, Navroz, Naw Rúz, Nowroj, Navroj, Nevruz …   Wikipedia

  • Abu al-Qasim — ist der Name folgender Personen: Abu al Qasim ibn Muhammad al Dschunaid al Bagdadi (um 830–910), einer der wichtigsten frühen Sufis des Islam, siehe Dschunaid Abū al Qāsim al Ḥussain b. Rūḥ an Nawbaḫtī († 938), der dritte der vier Botschafter des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”