Khachaturian, Aram

Khachaturian, Aram

▪ Soviet composer
in full  Aram Ilich Khachaturian 
born May 24 [June 6, New Style], 1903, Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire [now Tbilisi, Georgia]
died May 1, 1978, Moscow
 Soviet composer best known for his Piano Concerto (1936) and his ballet Gayane (1942), which includes the popular, rhythmically stirring Sabre Dance.

      Khachaturian was trained at the Gnesin State Musical and Pedagogical Institute in Moscow and at the Moscow Conservatory and was a professor at both schools from 1951. As a young composer, he was influenced by contemporary Western music, particularly that of Maurice Ravel (Ravel, Maurice). In his Symphony No. 1 (1935) and later works, this influence was supplanted by a growing appreciation of folk traditions, not only those of his Armenian forebears but also those of Georgia, Russia, Turkey, and Azerbaijan. His Symphony No. 2 (1943) was written for the 25th anniversary of the Russian Revolution. His other works include a symphonic suite, Masquerade (1944; from incidental music to a play by Mikhail Lermontov); the ballets Happiness (1939) and Spartak (1953; “Spartacus”); a Third Symphony; a violin concerto (1940); a cello concerto (1946); and numerous shorter works. He also composed the music for the Armenian national anthem, as well as film scores and incidental music.

      In 1948, along with Dmitry Shostakovich (Shostakovich, Dmitry) and Sergey Prokofiev (Prokofiev, Sergey), Khachaturian was accused by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of bourgeois tendencies in his music. He admitted his guilt and was restored to prominence. After Stalin's death in 1953, however, he publicly condemned the Central Committee's accusation, which was formally rescinded in 1958. He was named People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1954 and was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1959.

      Khachaturian's family was prominent in Soviet cultural affairs; his wife, Nina Makarova, and his nephew, Karen Khachaturian, were also composers.

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  • Khachaturian, Aram (Ilyich) — born June 6, 1903, Tbilisi, Georgia, Russian Empire died May 1, 1978, Moscow, U.S.S.R. Soviet (Armenian) composer. He studied with Reinhold Glière (1875–1956) and Nikolay Myaskovsky (1881–1950). He gained international notice when Sergey… …   Universalium

  • Khachaturian,Aram Ilich — Kha·cha·tu·ri·an (kä chä to͝orʹē ən, kăch ə , KHə chə to͞or yänʹ), Aram Ilich. 1903 1978. Russian composer of Armenian parentage whose works include concertos for piano and violin, symphonies, and ballets, such as Gayane (1942). * * * …   Universalium

  • Aram Jachaturián — Aram Ilich Jachaturián Արամ Խաչատրյան Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Khachaturian — noun Russian composer (born in Armenia) whose works are romantic and reflect his interest in folk music (1903 1978) • Syn: ↑Aram Khachaturian, ↑Aram Ilich Khachaturian • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer * * * /kah cheuh toor ee euhn, kach euh /;… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aram Ilich Khachaturian — noun Russian composer (born in Armenia) whose works are romantic and reflect his interest in folk music (1903 1978) • Syn: ↑Khachaturian, ↑Aram Khachaturian • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aram Khachaturian — noun Russian composer (born in Armenia) whose works are romantic and reflect his interest in folk music (1903 1978) • Syn: ↑Khachaturian, ↑Aram Ilich Khachaturian • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aram Khachaturian — Aram Chatschaturjan (armen. Արամ Խաչատրյան, wissenschaftliche Transliteration Aram Xač‘atryan); russische Schreibweise Арам Ильич Хачатурян/Aram Iljitsch Chatschaturjan; * 6. Juni 1903 in Tiflis; † 1. Mai 1978 in Moskau) war ein sowjetisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Khachaturian — Aram Chatschaturjan (armen. Արամ Խաչատրյան, wissenschaftliche Transliteration Aram Xač‘atryan); russische Schreibweise Арам Ильич Хачатурян/Aram Iljitsch Chatschaturjan; * 6. Juni 1903 in Tiflis; † 1. Mai 1978 in Moskau) war ein sowjetisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aram Chatschaturjan — (armenisch Արամ Խաչատրյան, wissenschaftliche Transliteration Aram Xač‘atryan); russische Schreibweise Арам Ильич Хачатурян/Aram Iljitsch Chatschaturjan; * 6. Juni 1903 in Tiflis; † 1. Mai 1978 in Moskau) war ein sowjetisch armenischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aram Khachaturian — Aram Khatchatourian Pour les articles homonymes, voir Khatchatourian. Aram Khatchatourian …   Wikipédia en Français

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