Kenya African National Union
- Kenya African National Union
▪ political organization, Kenya
Kenyan political party. Organized in 1960, KANU was one of two major political parties formed in preparation for independence—the other party, the Kenya African Democratic Union, was ultimately absorbed by KANU after independence. Led by Jomo Kenyatta (Kenyatta, Jomo
), the party officially advocated a strong central government in a socialist society. When Kenya
became independent in 1963, KANU prevailed in the country's first elections, and Kenyatta became prime minister (after 1964 president). KANU absorbed its principal rival groups, and the government became more and more closely associated with Kenyatta, with opposition banned or rendered ineffective. Candidates of KANU ran unopposed in the 1969 elections, and by the time of the 1974 elections membership in the party was a requirement for holding public office.
When Kenyatta died in 1978, he was succeeded by Daniel arap Moi (Moi, Daniel arap
), who continued his predecessor's policies of repressing disagreement within the party and of outlawing opposition from without. From 1982 to 1991 Kenya was officially a one-party state, and during this time the government gained a reputation for brutality and corruption. Under increasing pressure from both domestic and international critics, Moi agreed in 1991 to allow a multiparty system. Factions developed within KANU, there were defections from it, and other parties began to form. In the 1992 elections KANU retained a majority in the National Assembly, although its numbers were drastically reduced. Likewise, KANU prevailed in the 1997 elections, which were contested by more than a dozen parties, but it did so largely because of the disarray among the opposition.
After four decades as the ruling party, KANU was swept from power in 2002 when Uhuru Kenyatta, Jomo Kenyatta's son, was easily defeated for the presidency by Mwai Kibaki of the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC
). In parliamentary elections the following year NARC defeated KANU by a nearly two-to-one margin.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Kenya African National Union — (KANU) Présentation Fondateur Jomo Kenyatta Fondation 1960 Siège Nairobi … Wikipédia en Français
Kenya African National Union — (Abkürzung KANU, deutsch Kenia Afrikanische Nationalunion) ist der Name einer politischen Partei in Kenia. KANU war die Partei, die unter Führung von Jomo Kenyatta das Land in die Unabhängigkeit führte und bis zum Jahre 2002 regierte. Nach… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kenya African National Union — The Kenya African National Union, better known as KANU, ruled Kenya for nearly 40 years after its independence from British colonial rule in 1963, until its electoral loss at the end of 2002. It was known as Kenya African Union before it was… … Wikipedia
Kenya African Democratic Union — The Kenya African Democratic Union was a political party in Kenya. It was founded in 1960 as an alternative to Jomo Kenyatta s Kenya African National Union (KANU). It was led by Ronald Ngala. KADU s aim was to defend the interests of the tribes… … Wikipedia
Kenya African Democratic Union — Die Kenya African Democratic Union (Kürzel KADU, deutsch Kenia Afrikanische Demokratische Union) war eine politische Partei in Kenia. Sie wurde 1960 als Alternative zu Jomo Kenyattas Kenya African National Union (KANU) gegründet. Parteichef… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kenya African Union — (KAU) (originally called Kenya African Study Union) was a political organization formed in 1944 to articulate Kenyan grievances against the British colonial administration of the time. Kenya African Union attempted to be more inclusive than its… … Wikipedia
Kenya Rugby Football Union — (KRFU) is the governing body of Rugby Union in Kenya. It organises Kenyan national teams and various competitions. It is a member of the International Rugby Board. Rugby has a long history in Kenya. KRFU was formed in 1923, the same year when… … Wikipedia
KENYA — Du Kenya, on peut tirer d’admirables cartes postales: longues plages de sable blanc; sommets neigeux du mont qui donne son nom au pays: le Kirinyaga (plusieurs fois déformé avant de devenir Kenya); vives antilopes dans la savane; puissants… … Encyclopédie Universelle
National Assembly of Kenya — Kenya This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Kenya Constitution(history) President … Wikipedia
Kénya — Kenya Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kenya (homonymie). Republic of Kenya (en) … Wikipédia en Français