▪ Buddhist monk
posthumous name Jichen
born May 17, 1155, Kyōto, Japan
died Oct. 28, 1225, Ōmi province [now Shiga prefecture], near Kyōto

      learned Buddhist monk and poet who became the first great Japanese historian.

      Born into the highest order of the powerful, aristocratic Fujiwara family, he early in life entered a monastery of the Tendai Buddhist sect, first taking the priestly name Dōkai and later the name Jien. He soon began his historical writings designed to “enlighten people who find it hard to understand the vicissitudes of life.” In his great work, the Gukanshō (literally, “Jottings of a Fool”)—completed about 1220—he attempted to analyze the facts of Japanese history.

      The Gukanshō reflects the pessimistic mappō Buddhist doctrine, which saw the feudal period in which its author lived as one of religious decline and of disintegration of Japanese civilization, a view also held by modern historians. Jien believed that changes in the feudal structure were necessary and defended the shogun's assumption of power.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jien — dans le Hyakunin Isshu. Jien (en japonais 慈円 ; 17 mai 1155 à Kyoto 28 octobre 1225 à Omi, maintenant Shiga) était un poète, historien et Bhikṣu japonais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jien — Jien, dibujo del Ogura Hyakunin Isshu. Jien (慈円, Jien …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jien — Infobox Writer name = Jien imagesize = caption = Jien in the Hyakunin Isshu . pseudonym = birthdate = May 17, 1155 birthplace = Kyoto deathdate = October 28, 1225 deathplace = Omi (now Shiga) occupation = Buddhist monk nationality = period =… …   Wikipedia

  • Li Jien — o Li chi en es una ciudad del Gansu o Kansu en China cuyas particularidades han dado motivo a la especulación de que hubiera sido una colonia de mercenarios romanos. Esta ciudad, durante la dinastía Han, recibió el nombre de Li chi en, pero desde …   Wikipedia Español

  • Li Jien Chan — Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans Angel Heart Nom original 李 堅強 (Li Jien Chan) Origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Soo Kui Jien — Soo Kui Jien, (b. August 31 1972), is a Malaysian television personality.Better known as Jien, got his big break when he became a host on the Disney Channel in 1997. He has worked as an emcee and host on television in Hong Kong, Manila, Singapore …   Wikipedia

  • Sung Chiao-jien — Song Jiaoren Song Jiaoren est un nom asiatique ; le nom de famille, Song, précède donc le prénom. Sung Chiao jen Song Jiaoren ou Sung Chiao jen (en chinois : 宋教仁 , pinyin : Sòng Jiàorén) (5 avril 1882–22 mars 1913) était un r …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gukanshō — Jien, autor del Gukanshō. El Gukanshō (愚管抄, Gukanshō …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kim Sun — Infobox comics character character name = Kim Sun 劍晨 caption = publisher = debut = Fung Wan creators = Ma Wing Shing alter ego = full name = species = homeworld = alliances = partners = supports = aliases = Jien Chien powers = Hero Sword… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Saiyuki characters — This article lists the main protagonists from the manga and anime series Saiyuki. They were originally created by Kazuya Minekura.[1] Contents 1 Concept and creation 2 Central characters …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”