Jellinek, Adolf

Jellinek, Adolf

▪ European Jewish rabbi and scholar
born June 26, 1821, Drslavice, Moravia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic]
died Dec. 29, 1893, Vienna, Austria

      rabbi and scholar who was considered to be the most forceful Jewish preacher of his time in central Europe.

      From 1845 to 1856 Jellinek preached in Leipzig and from 1856 to 1893 in Vienna. Because of his skillful incorporation into his sermons of those Midrashim (rabbinic commentaries on the Scriptures) that deal with Jewish lore, Jellinek was also an unusually appealing speaker. More than 200 of his sermons were published at various times (three volumes, 1862–66, and nine smaller collections, 1847–82), and these works measurably affected the development of the art of Jewish preaching.

      Jellinek's scholarly activities chiefly comprised studies of the Kabbala (the highly influential body of Jewish mystical writings) and Midrashic literature. He was a prominent exponent of Wissenschaft des Judentums (“science of Judaism”), the analysis of Jewish literature and culture with the tools of modern scholarly research. He was the first to compare the Sefer ha-zohar, the fundamental text of the Kabbalists, with the Hebrew texts of the 13th-century mystic Moses De León. Based on his deduction that Moses de León was the principal author of the Zohar, Jellinek also postulated that the Zohar was an attempt by Moses de León to counteract the rationalist trend among his educated contemporaries. In the Midrashic field, he edited hitherto unpublished treatises on ancient and medieval homilies and documents of messianic and apocalyptic thinking, such as Bet ha-Midrash (1853–77; “The House of Study”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • JELLINEK, ADOLF — (Aaron; 1820/21–1893), Vienna preacher and scholar. He was born in a village near Uhersky Brod (Ungarisch Brod), Moravia, into a family which he believed to be of hussite origin. After attending the yeshivah of menahem katz (Wannfried) in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jellinek, Adolf — (c. 1820 93)    Austrian preacher and scholar. He was born in Moravia and moved to Prague in 1838. He was a rabbi in Leipzig from 1845, and in Vienna from 1856, where he became a famous preacher. He published studies of the history of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Adolf Jellinek — Adolf Jellinek, fotografiert von Josef Löwy, um 1860 Adolf (Aron) Jellinek (* 29. Oktober 1820 oder 26. Juni 1821 in Drslavice u Uherského Brodu, (deutsch: Derslawitz bei Ungarisch Brod), Mähren; † 28. Dezember 1893 in Wien) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf Jellinek — (Hebrew: אהרן ילינק‎ Aharon Jelinek, June 26, 1821, Drslavice, nearby Uherské Hradiště, Moravia (now Czech Republic) December 28, 1893, Vienna) was an Austrian rabbi and scholar. After filling clerical posts in Leipzig (1845–1856), he became a …   Wikipedia

  • Jellinek — Jellinek, Adolf, jüdischer Gelehrter und beliebter Kanzelredner, geb. 1820 zu Drslowitz bei Ungarisch Brod im Olmützerkreis Mährens, Prediger der Israeliten zu Leipzig, ist ein fruchtbarer Schriftsteller über die jüdische Literatur, namentlich… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Jellinek — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Elvin Morton Jellinek Emil Jellinek, fondateur de la marque automobile allemande Mecedes, fils de Adolf Jellinek Georg Jellinek, juriste allemand, fils de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jellinek — is a surname and may refer to:* Adolf Jellinek (Adolph Jellinek) (1821 Czech 1893), an Austrian rabbi and scholar. * E. Morton Jellinek (1890 1963) a psychologist and researcher into alcoholism. * Emil Jellinek, or Emil Jellinek Mercedes (1853… …   Wikipedia

  • JELLINEK, HERMANN — (1822–1848), writer, journalist, and revolutionary; younger brother of adolf jellinek . While living in Prostejov (Prossnitz) and Prague, he studied independently and was taught languages by his brother. He studied in Prague and Leipzig. Jellinek …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adolf Fischhof — Adolf Fischhof, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1848. Adolf Fischhof (1816–1893); Lithographie von Strixner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf Loos — Adolf Loos. Información personal Nacimiento 10 de diciembre de 1870 …   Wikipedia Español

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