Italo-Ethiopian War

Italo-Ethiopian War

▪ 1935–36
      (1935–36), an armed conflict that resulted in Ethiopia's subjection to Italian rule. Often seen as one of the episodes that prepared the way for World War II, the war demonstrated the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations (Nations, League of) when League decisions were not supported by the great powers.

      Ethiopia (Abyssinia), which Italy had unsuccessfully tried to conquer in the 1890s, was in 1934 one of the few independent states in a European-dominated Africa. A border incident between Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland that December gave Benito Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito) an excuse to intervene. Rejecting all arbitration offers, the Italians invaded Ethiopia on October 3, 1935.

      Under Generals Rodolfo Graziani and Pietro Badoglio, the invading forces steadily pushed back the ill-armed and poorly trained Ethiopian army, winning a major victory near Lake Ascianghi (Ashangi) on April 9, 1936, and taking the capital, Addis Ababa, on May 5. The nation's leader, Emperor Haile Selassie (Haile Selassie I), went into exile. In Rome, Mussolini proclaimed Italy's king Victor Emmanuel III emperor of Ethiopia and appointed Badoglio to rule as viceroy.

      In response to Ethiopian appeals, the League of Nations condemned the Italian invasion in 1935 and voted to impose economic sanctions on the aggressor. The sanctions remained ineffective because of general lack of support. Although Mussolini's aggression was viewed with disfavour by the British, who had a stake in East Africa, the other major powers had no real interest in opposing him. The war, by giving substance to Italian imperialist claims, contributed to international tensions between the fascist states and the Western democracies. It also served as a rallying point, especially after World War II, for developing African nationalist movements.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Italo-Ethiopian War — Two wars opposed Italy to Ethiopia : *The First Italo Ethiopian War (1895 1896) won by Ethiopia, *The Second Italo Abyssinian War (1935 1936) won by Italy …   Wikipedia

  • First Italo–Ethiopian War — Infobox Military Conflict caption= campaign= conflict=First Italo Ethiopian War date=1895–1896 place=Ethiopia result=Ethiopian victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1= commander2= strength1=20,000+Vandervort, Bruce. Wars of Imperial Conquest… …   Wikipedia

  • Italo–Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 — The Italo Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 [Nicolle, David, The Italian Invasion of Abyssinia 1935 1936 , p. 7] , also known as the Italo–Ethiopian Treaty of Friendship, was a treaty signed between the Kingdom of Italy ( Regno d Italia ) and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethiopian Order of Battle Second Italo-Abyssinian War — Ethiopian forces in the Second Italo Abyssinian War besides the Central Army were mobilized from various provinces under their local leader. According to Italian estimates, [ Italo Abyssinian War#1935… …   Wikipedia

  • Second Italo-Abyssinian War — See also First Italo Ethiopian War .Infobox Military Conflict caption=Italian troops fortify a position in Ethiopia on 8 November 1935 campaign= conflict=Second Italo–Abyssinian War, Interwar Period date=October 1935–May 1936 (occupation until… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethiopian National Defense Force — Flag of Ethiopia Service branches Ethiopian Army, Ethiopian Air Force, Ethiopian Navy (1955 1991) …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of the Second Italo–Abyssinian War — The following is a timeline relating to the Second Italo–Abyssinian War to the end of 1936. A number of related political and military events followed until 1942, but these have been omitted.1928* August 2: The Italo–Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 is… …   Wikipedia

  • Italian Order of Battle Second Italo-Abyssinian War — The following is the Italian Order of Battle at the beginning of the Second Italo Abyssinian War as of October 8 1935. Commando Supremo Africa OrientaleCommander: General Emilio De Bono to 11/1935, Field Marshal Pietro Badoglio 11/1935 6/1936 *… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethiopian World Federation — Ethiopian World Federation, Incorporated (or, in Amharic የኢትዮጵያ፡ዓለም፡ፌዴሬሽን፡፡) [ [ website] Mission ProfilePSALMS OF DAVID CHAPTER 68, VERSE 31መኳንንት ከግብጽ ይመጣሉ፤ ኢትዮጵያ እጆችዋን ወደ እግዚአብሔር ትዘረጋለች።… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethiopian Empire — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Ethiopian Empire common name = Ethiopia continent = Africa region = Horn of Africa country = Ethiopia era = government type = Monarchy| event start = Overthrow of Zagwe kings year… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”