Hughes, William Morris

Hughes, William Morris

▪ prime minister of Australia
born Sept. 25, 1862, London, Eng.
died Oct. 28, 1952, Sydney, Australia
 prime minister of Australia from 1915 to 1923 and a mainstay of national politics for 50 years.

      Hughes emigrated to Queensland in 1884. After working for the unionization of maritime workers in Sydney, he was elected to the New South Wales legislature in 1894 as a Labor Party member. He entered the first federal Parliament in 1901 and served as attorney general in the three ministries of Andrew Fisher between 1908 and 1915. He helped establish a national system of defense (1909) and judicial arbitration in labour disputes.

      Hughes succeeded Fisher as prime minister in 1915, during World War I, and emerged as a charismatic wartime leader. When the electorate and the Labor Party rejected his conscription proposal of 1916, he helped form the Nationalist Party, remaining prime minister as the head of that party. At the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, he gained Australian control over German New Guinea and successfully opposed a racial-equality clause sponsored by Japan for inclusion in the League of Nations covenant. Following a rebuff in the elections of 1922 by Earle Page's Country Party, he slipped from the centre of power.

      Hughes contributed to Stanley Bruce's defeat in 1929 and served in the cabinet (1934–41) under the United Australian Party administrations of Joseph Lyons and Sir Robert Menzies. When the Labor Party came back into power in 1941, Hughes sat on the Advisory War Council (1941–44) and maintained his seat in Parliament until his death. His memoirs were published in Crusts and Crusades (1947) and Policies and Potentates (1950).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Morris Hughes — William Morris Hughes, besser bekannt als Billy Hughes (* 25. September 1862, Pimlico, London, England; † 2. April 1958, Double Bay, Sydney, New South Wales) war vom 27. Oktober 1915 bis zum 9. Februar 1923 Premierminister von Australien. Hughes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Morris — For other people named William Morris, see William Morris (disambiguation). William Morris William Morris by George Frederic Watts, 1870 Born 24 March 18 …   Wikipedia

  • William Morris (fictional character) — Captain William Morris is a character in the Richard Sharpe novels. Morris is a lazy, venal and corrupt officer who came into command of the 33rd Foot s Light Company, after the previous officer, a more energetic and decent man Captain Hughes had …   Wikipedia

  • William Holman — William Arthur Holman (4 août 1871 – 6 juin 1934) fut le dix neuvième premier ministre de Nouvelle Galles du Sud en Australie. Membre du parti travailliste australien, il abandonna celui ci pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, en désaccord avec… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Hughes — ist der Name folgender Personen: William Hughes (Senator) (1872–1918), US amerikanischer Politiker William Hughes, Baron Hughes (1911–1999), britischer Politiker William Anthony Hughes (* 1921), US amerikanischer Bischof der Katholischen Kirche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Holman — William Arthur Holman (4 August 1871 – 6 June 1934) was an Australian Labor Party Premier of New South Wales, Australia, who split with the party on the conscription issue in 1916 during World War I, and immediately became Premier of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Morris & Co. — A Morris Co. stained glass window to a design by Edward Burne Jones installed in Malmesbury Abbey. The window shows characteristic themes based on Arthurian legends. This article is about the decorative arts firm. For the Chicago meatpacking… …   Wikipedia

  • Billy Hughes — William Morris Hughes William Morris Hughes, besser bekannt als Billy Hughes (* 25. September 1862 in Pimlico, London, England; † 28. Oktober 1952 in Double Bay, Sydney, New South Wales) war vom 27. Oktober 1915 bis zum 9. Februar 1923 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morris (desambiguación) — El apellido y nombre Morris puede aludir a las siguientes personas: Morris Louis, pintor abstracto estadounidense. Charles William Morris, filósofo y semiótico estadounidense. Desmond Morris, zoólogo y etólogo británico. Mark Morris, coreógrafo y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hughes — /hjuz/ (say hyoohz) noun 1. Dick (Richard Hughes), born 1931, Australian jazz pianist and vocalist. 2. Howard, 1905–76, US industrialist, aviator, film producer, and eccentric. 3. Merv (Mervyn Gregory Hughes), born 1961, Australian Test cricketer …  

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”