Hughes, John

Hughes, John

▪ American archbishop

born June 24, 1797, Annaloghan, County Tyrone, Ire.
died Jan. 3, 1864, New York City
 first Roman Catholic archbishop of New York, who became one of the foremost American Roman Catholic prelates of his time. Hughes immigrated in 1816 to the United States, studied at Mount St. Mary's College, Emmitsburg, Md., and was ordained priest in 1826. After serving several parishes in Philadelphia, where he founded the Catholic Herald newspaper, he was consecrated (1838) coadjutor to Bishop John Dubois of New York. He succeeded Dubois in 1842. In 1850 he became archbishop of New York.

      Hughes' arguments for state support of parochial (parochial education) schools led to the creation of the U.S. parochial school system. He publicly defended Catholicism against the anti-Catholic Know-Nothing movement and fought the radical Irish press established in New York by political exiles. During the Civil War (1861–65), he helped end the critical draft riots in the city (1863) and visited Europe as Pres. Abraham Lincoln's personal agent in a successful effort to counteract pro-Southern feeling in France, Rome, and Ireland. He founded St. John's College (now Fordham University) and was a leader in the establishment of St. Joseph's Provincial Seminary, Troy, N.Y., and the North American College in Rome. John R.G. Hassard's Life of the Most Reverend John Hughes appeared in 1866.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hughes, John — • Fourth bishop and first Archbishop of New York, born at Annaloghan, Co. Tyrone, Ireland, 24 June, 1797 of Patrick Hughes and Margaret McKenna: died in New York, 3 January, 1864 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hughes, John      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hughes, John — (1677 1720)    Born at Marlborough, Wiltshire, he was educated at a dissenting academy in Little Britain, in the center of London, where he was the contemporary of Isaac Watts (see entry). In spite of never being in good health, in 1717 he was… …   British and Irish poets

  • Hughes, John Ceiriog — (1832 1887)    He was orn in Penbryn, Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog, Denbighshire, North Wales, from where he took his bardic name. The family could trace their lineage to Bleddyn ab Cynvyn, prince of Gwynedd and Powys in 1072. After several jobs, he …   British and Irish poets

  • Hughes, John Ceiriog — ▪ Welsh poet pseudonym  Ceiriog , or  Syr Meurig Grynswth   born Sept. 25, 1832, Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog, Denbighshire, Wales died April 23, 1887, Caersws, Montgomeryshire       poet and folk musicologist who wrote outstanding Welsh language… …   Universalium

  • Hughes, John — (1677 1720)    Essayist and dramatist, was a clerk in the Ordnance Office, then sec. for the Commission of the Peace. He contributed to the Spectator, Tatler, and Guardian, ed. Spenser, and wrote several dramas, of which the best is The Siege of… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Hughes —     John Hughes     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Hughes     Fourth bishop and first Archbishop of New York, born at Annaloghan, Co. Tyrone, Ireland, 24 June, 1797 of Patrick Hughes and Margaret McKenna: died in New York, 3 January, 1864. His… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John Hughes (realisateur) — John Hughes (réalisateur) Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Hughes et Hughes. John Hughes, né le 18 février 1950 à Lansing (Michigan, États Unis), mort le 6 août 2009 d une crise cardiaque à New York, est un scénariste,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John hughes (réalisateur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Hughes et Hughes. John Hughes, né le 18 février 1950 à Lansing (Michigan, États Unis), mort le 6 août 2009 d une crise cardiaque à New York, est un scénariste, producteur et réalisateur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Duncan-Hughes — John Grant Duncan Hughes (1 September 1882 ndash; 13 August 1962) was an Australian politician. Born in Higher Park, South Australia, he was educated at St Peters College in Adelaide, and then at the University of Adelaide and Cambridge… …   Wikipedia

  • John Gear — John Henry Gear (* 7. April 1825 in Ithaca, New York; † 14. Juli 1900 in Washington) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikanische Partei) aus dem Staat Iowa. Als Kind zog Gear mit seinen Eltern nach Galena (Illinois); später lebte die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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