Howard, Sir Ebenezer

Howard, Sir Ebenezer

▪ British urban planner
born Jan. 29, 1850, London, Eng.
died May 1, 1928, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire

      founder of the English garden-city movement, which influenced urban planning throughout the world.

      After starting work in a stockbroker's office at age 15, Howard learned shorthand and held various jobs as a private secretary and stenographer before becoming a shorthand reporter in the London law courts. He was a liberal social reformer who was decisively influenced by Edward Bellamy (Bellamy, Edward)'s utopian novel Looking Backward (1889).

      In the 1880s Howard wrote To-morrow: A Peaceful Path to Social Reform. Not published until 1898, this work was reissued in 1902 as Garden Cities of To-morrow. In this book he proposed the founding of “garden cities (garden city),” each a self-sufficient entity—not a dormitory suburb—of 30,000 population, and each ringed by an agricultural belt unavailable to builders. Howard was attempting to reverse the large-scale migration of people from rural areas and small towns to cities, which were becoming overpopulated. Howard's garden cities were intended to provide heretofore rural districts with the economic opportunities and the amenities of large industrial cities. Each garden city would be owned by a private corporation.

      Howard had the gift of persuading practical businessmen that his idea was financially sound and socially desirable. During his lifetime two garden cities were founded, both in Hertfordshire: Letchworth (1903) and Welwyn Garden City (1920). They served as prototypes of the new towns organized by the British government after World War II. These later towns differed from Howard's model in that a contiguous zone of farmland was not an essential feature. Howard was knighted in 1927.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sir Ebenezer Howard — ➡ garden city * * * …   Universalium

  • Ebenezer Howard — Sir Ebenezer Howard (* 29. Januar 1850 in London; † 1. Mai 1928 in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England) war der Erfinder der Gartenstadt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ebenezer Howard — Sir Ebenezer Howard (29 January 1850 cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0 141 02715 0|year=2006] –May 1 1928 [(1933) [http://www.freeweb.hu/eventoj/steb/gxenerala naturscienco/enciklopedio 1/encikl …   Wikipedia

  • Ebenezer — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Ebenezer Ako Adjei (1916–2002), Politiker, Rechtsanwalt, Verleger und Journalist Ghanas Ebenezer Bryce (1830–1913), Namensgeber des Bryce Canyons Ebenezer Cook (* um 1667; † um 1732), englischer Dichter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ebenezer Howard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Howard. Ebenezer Howard Naissance 19 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Howard — /how euhrd/, n. 1. Catherine, c1520 42, fifth wife of Henry VIII. 2. Sir Ebenezer, 1850 1928, English town planner. 3. Henry. See Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl of. 4. John Winston, born 1939, prime minister of Australia since 1996. 5. Leslie …   Universalium

  • Howard Centre — infobox shopping mall shopping mall name = Howard Centre caption = location = Welwyn Garden City, England opening date = October 1990 manager = Land Securities developer = Slough Estates owner = number of stores = number of catering outlets =… …   Wikipedia

  • Geoffrey Howard (cricketer and administrator) — Cecil Geoffrey Howard (14 February 1909 8 November 2002) was an English cricketer and cricket administrator.Geoffrey Howard was born in Hampstead Garden Suburb, a grandson of Sir Ebenezer Howard, a founder of the Garden City Movement who taught… …   Wikipedia

  • urban planning — n. the study or profession dealing with the growth and functioning of cities and towns, including environmental concerns, zoning, the infrastructure, etc. urban planner n. * * * Programs pursued as a means of improving the urban environment and… …   Universalium

  • Letchworth — ➡ garden city * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), North Hertfordshire district, administrative and historic county of Hertfordshire, England, located north of London. Britain s first planned “ garden city,” much copied… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”