Heiberg, Johan Ludvig

Heiberg, Johan Ludvig

▪ Danish author
born December 14, 1791, Copenhagen, Denmark
died August 25, 1860, Bonderup
 playwright, poet, literary historian, and critic whose romantic idealism in a sense epitomized the Danish Romantic school, which he helped bring to an end when he established a new era of topical, sophisticated, and satirical literature. Heiberg also introduced both Hegelian philosophy and vaudeville, or ballad opera, to Denmark.

      Originally Heiberg planned an academic career and taught Danish at the University of Kiel (1822–25), but he turned to writing in earnest about 1825. The son of the political writer Peter Andreas Heiberg (Heiberg, Peter Andreas) and his wife, the novelist Thomasine, Baroness Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd, Heiberg was a central figure in Danish literature and criticism for many years. During this time he originated Danish vaudeville, a form of popular folk musical, in which critical and satirical verses were set to well-known melodies. Theoretically, he argued in Om Vaudevillen (1826; “About Vaudeville”), vaudeville as a genre was a synthesis of words and music that subsumed in its poetic realism both the lyrical and the epic and thus marked the highest form of comedy-drama. Besides his vaudeville pieces, Heiberg's most frequently performed plays are Elverhøj (1828; “Elfinhill”) and En sjæl efter døden (1841; A Soul After Death), which was his greatest literary success. He had a lifelong association with the Danish Royal Theatre, where his wife was the leading actress, and from 1849 to 1856 he was the theatre's controversial general manager.

      Over the years Heiberg edited several influential periodicals, most notably Kjøbenhavns flyvende post (“Copenhagen's Flying Mail”) from 1827 to 1828, again in 1830, and, under the name Interimsblade, from 1834 to 1837. In this journal he carried on many literary feuds but also featured many new talents, including Søren Kierkegaard (Kierkegaard, Søren) and Hans Christian Andersen (Andersen, Hans Christian). Even such exponents of modern realism as Georg Brandes (Brandes, Georg) and Henrik Ibsen (Ibsen, Henrik) acknowledged debts of inspiration owed to Heiberg.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heiberg, Johan Ludvig — (1791 1860)    A Danish poet and dramatist, Heiberg was an influential arbiter oftaste and the most important Danish man of letters of his generation. As a young man he lived in Paris for several years, where he became acquainted with the plays… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Heiberg, Johan Ludvig — ► (1791 1860) Poeta, dramaturgo y crítico danés. Introdujo el vodevil en la escena danesa. Obras: La colina de los elfos y Don Juan, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg — may be* Johan Ludvig Heiberg (poet) (1791 1860), Danish poet and dramatist, husband of Johanne Luise Heiberg * Johan Ludvig Heiberg (historian) (1854 1928), philologist and historian of mathematics …   Wikipedia

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg (historian) — Johan Ludvig Heiberg (1854 ndash;1928) was a Danish philologist and historian. He is best known for his discovery of previously unknown texts in the Archimedes Palimpsest, and for his edition of Euclid s Elements that T. L. Heath translated into… …   Wikipedia

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg (poète) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heiberg (homonymie). Johan Ludvig Heiberg Johan Ludvig Heiberg, né le 14 décembre 1791 et mort au manoir de Bonderup le 25 août …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg — (* 16. November 1791 in Kopenhagen; † 25. August 1860 auf Schloss Bonderup, Gemeinde Ringsted) war ein dänischer Mathematiker, Dichter und Literaturkritiker. Biografie Johan Ludvig Heiberg, Abbildung aus J. P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg (Philologe) — Johan Ludvig Heiberg (1918) Johan Ludvig Heiberg (* 27. November 1854; † 4. Januar 1928) war ein dänischer Mathematikhistoriker und Philologe. Heiberg studierte klassische Philologie und wurde 1879 in Kopenhagen über Archimedes mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg (poet) — Johan Ludvig Heiberg (December 14, 1791 – August 25, 1860), Danish poet and critic, son of the political writer Peter Andreas Heiberg (1758–1841), and of the novelist, afterwards the Baroness Gyllembourg Ehrensvärd, was born in Copenhagen.In 1800 …   Wikipedia

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg — (1791 1860). Dansk dramatiker, kritiker og teaterchef. Heiberg skrev Elverhøj. Gift 1831 med Johanne Luise Heiberg. Chef for Det kongelige Teater 1849 56 …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Johan Ludvig Heiberg — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johan Ludvig Heiberg (homonymie). J. L. Heiberg, spécialiste des écrits d’Archimède (1918). Johan Ludvig Heiberg (né le 27 novembre …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”