Hayton

Hayton

▪ king of Little Armenia
also spelled  Haithon, or Hethum  
died 1271

      king of Little Armenia, now in Turkey, from 1224 to 1269; the account of his travels in western and central Asia, written by Kirakos Gandzaketsi, a member of his suite, gives one of the earliest and most comprehensive accounts of Mongolian geography and ethnology.

      Throughout his reign Hayton followed a policy of friendship and alliance with the powerful Mongols and in 1251 was summoned to the court of Möngke, the new khan at Karakorum, Mongolia. Disguised so as to pass safely through the Turkish states of the interior of eastern Asia Minor, where he was hated as an ally of the Mongols against Islām, he made his way to the Mongol camp at Kars, Greater Armenia, now in Turkey. After he passed through the Iron Gates of Derbent around the western shore of the Caspian Sea, comparatively little is known of the long journey to Karakorum, which he reached about Sept. 14, 1254. He left on November 1, with documents, seals, and letters of enfranchisement filled with promises for the betterment of the Armenian state, church, and people. His return journey by way of Samarkand and northern Persia brought him to Greater Armenia in just eight months. The narrative of his travels concludes with some observations of Buddhist tenets, Chinese habits, and some notes, compounded of truth and legend, on the wild tribes and animals of the Gobi (desert) and adjoining regions.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hayton — is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a Northern English habitational name from any of various places so called, in Cumberland, Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, and elsewhere. It is derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century heg tunn , meaning The hay… …   Surnames reference

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  • Hayton — (Haython, Hethum), 1) H. I., Sohn Constantins, wurde durch Vermählung mit der Königin Isabelle König von Kleinarmenien u. regierte 1224–1269, wo er in ein Kloster ging u. 1271 starb; s. Armenien (Gesch.) II. B) c). 2) H. II., Enkel des Vorigen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hayton — Original name in latin Hayton Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.9 latitude 0.75 altitude 20 Population 0 Date 2011 07 31 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Hayton of Corycus — Hayton of Corycus, also called Hetoum of Korykos, Haiton, Haitho, Antonius, Haython, Antonius Curchinus or Hayton of Korykos, was an Armenian monk and historian who died around 1308. The works of Hayton were widely published in Medieval times, to …   Wikipedia

  • Hayton, Cumbria — Hayton is a small village in Cumbria, England, roughly eight miles east of Carlisle, and 10 miles from the England/Scotland border. There is a separate settlement named Hayton within Cumbria near Aspatria.Early area historyHadrian s Wall runs… …   Wikipedia

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  • Hayton, Nottinghamshire — infobox UK place country = England static static image caption= latitude= 52.98 longitude= 0.88 official name =Hayton population =386 shire district=Rushcliffe shire county= Nottinghamshire region= East Midlands constituency westminster= post… …   Wikipedia

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