Hartlib, Samuel

Hartlib, Samuel

▪ English educator
born c. 1600 , Elbing, Prussia
died March 12, 1662, London

      English educational and agricultural reformer and a tireless advocate of universal education.

      After attending the University of Cambridge, Hartlib settled in England (1628) and associated himself with the educational philosopher John Dury (Dury, John), sharing his ideas on the necessity for the unity of the Protestant churches, school reforms, and teacher training. Hartlib presented treatises supporting the views of the churchman–reformer John Amos Comenius (Comenius, John Amos), such as A Reformation of Schooles . . . (1642). He also translated many of Comenius' works, including Pansophiae, after which Comenius visited England (1641). During this time, Hartlib persuaded John Milton (Milton, John) to write his pamphlet “Of Education” (1644), which Milton dedicated to him.

      Among the more than 30 tracts and treatises published by Hartlib, Macaria (1641) is notable for its outline of a utopia based on the philosophy of Francis Bacon and Comenius. His plan for English education was set forth in Considerations Tending to the Happy Accomplishment of England's Reformation in Church and State (1647), in which he proposed a labour exchange and an international bureau for the dissemination of religious and educational ideas. Hartlib further showed his concern for universal education in his many treatises on animal husbandry—e.g., his Essay for [the] Advancement of Husbandry (1651). He also advocated the founding of an agricultural college. His True and Readie Way to Learne the Latine Tongue (1654) was an effort to make learning available to all.

      For his concern with the education legislation of the Long Parliament (1640–53) and his fight for the reformation of church and school, Hartlib was awarded by Oliver Cromwell an annual pension of £300, which ended with the Restoration (1660).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Samuel Hartlib — (1600 – 1662) était un polymathe germano britannique. Il s intéressait aux sciences, à la médecine, à l agriculture, à la politique et à l éducation. Il s est installé en Angleterre où il s est marié et vécut jusqu à la fin de ses jours. Il était …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samuel Hartlib — Samuel Hartli(e)b (ca. 1600 ndash; 1662) was a German Briton polymath, an expert in many subjects, called the Great Intelligencer of Europe . [Arved Hübler, PeterLinde, John W. T. Smith. Electronic Publishing 01: 2001 in the Digital Publishing… …   Wikipedia

  • Hartlib — Samuel Hartlib (* um 1600 in Elbing, Preußen (heute Polen); † 1662 in London, England; gebürtig Samuel Hartlieb) war ein deutsch englischer Wissenschaftler und Pädagoge. Er galt als „the Great Intelligencer of Europe“ (der große… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Hartlib — (* um 1600 in Elbing, (Königlich Preußen); † 1662 in London, England; gebürtig Samuel Hartlieb) war ein deutsch englischer Wissenschaftler und Pädagoge. Er galt als „the Great Intelligencer of Europe“ (der große Informationssammler und verbreiter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Duraeus — Johannes Duraeus, eigentlich John Durie oder Dury (* 1595 oder 1596 in Edinburgh; † 28. September 1680 in Kassel), war ein schottischer presbyterianischer Theologe. Leben Er studierte in Leiden und Oxford und wurde in Frankreich Hauslehrer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • John Dury — Johannes Duraeus, eigentlich John Durie oder Dury (* 1595 oder 1596 in Edinburgh; † 28. September 1680 in Kassel), war ein schottischer presbyterianischer Theologe. Leben Er studierte in Leiden und Oxford und wurde in Frankreich Hauslehrer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Boyle, Robert — born Jan. 25, 1627, Lismore Castle, County Waterford, Ire. died Dec. 31, 1691, London, Eng. Irish born English chemist and natural philosopher. The son of Richard Boyle, the Great Earl of Cork (1566–1643), he settled at Oxford in 1654 and, with… …   Universalium

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