Ḥajjāj, al-

Ḥajjāj, al-

▪ Umayyad governor of Iraq
in full  al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ath-Thaqafī 
born 661, aṭ-Ṭāʾif, Hejaz, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]
died June 714, Wāsiṭ, Iraq

      one of the most able of provincial governors under the Umayyad (Umayyad Dynasty) caliphate (661–750). He played a critical role in consolidating the administrative structure of the Umayyad dynasty during its early years.

      Al-Ḥajjāj was a schoolteacher in his native town as a young man, but little else is known of his earlier years. He first became publicly active when, in the reign of the caliph ʿAbd al-Malik, he restored discipline among troops being used to repress a rebellion in Iraq. In 692 he personally led troops in crushing the rebellion of Abd Allāh ibn az-Zubayrʿ in Mecca. The brutality with which he secured his victory was to recur during the rest of his public life.

      For several years he was governor of the provinces that surrounded Mecca, but in 694 he was made governor of Iraq, which, because of its location and because of the intrigues by various sects there, was the most demanding and the most important of the administrative posts in the Islāmic empire. Al-Ḥajjāj was completely devoted to the service of the Umayyads, and the latter were never fearful of his great power. He was instrumental in persuading the caliph ʿAbd al-Malik to allow the succession to pass to al-Walīd (Walīd, al-), who, as caliph, allowed al-Ḥajjāj complete freedom in the administration of Iraq. Al-Ḥajjāj did much to promote prosperity in his province. He began to strike a purely Arab coinage that soon replaced older currencies. He stopped the migration of the rural population to the towns in an effort to improve agricultural production, and he saw to it that the irrigation system was kept in good repair.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hajjaj — ( Ḥaǧǧāǧ , also transliterated Haggag) may refer to: *Al Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Maṭar, translated Euclid s Elements into Arabic. *Al Hajjaj bin Yousef, Military governor of the Umayyad caliphate *Muslim b. al Hajjaj, Islamic author of Hadith * Abu… …   Wikipedia

  • HAJJĀJ (Hagège), DANIEL — (1892–?), tunis born publicist and Judeo Arabic writer who immigrated to Paris in 1959. Hajjāj published, translated, adapted, and edited over 30 novels and worked on several local papers, while at the same time being employed in a series of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hajjaj ben Youssef — Al Hajjaj ben Yusef Al Hajjaj ben Yusef Ath Thaqafy ou Al Hajjaj ben Yusuf (juin 661 à Taïf, 714 à Wasît la ville qu il avait fondé en 702 en Irak) (الحجاج بن يوسف الثقفي) fut un gouverneur important pendant le califat omeyyade de Damas. Il fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hajjaj — Provenance. Prénom d origine arabe. Signifie: qui a accompli souvent le pélerinage Histoire. Depuis maintenant quatorze siècles, la plupart des musulmans, de par le monde, qu ils soient asiatiques, africains, européens ou américains, ont à coeur… …   Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons

  • Ḥajjāj (ibn Yūsuf al-Thaqafī), al- — born с 661, Al Ṭāʾif, Hejaz, Arabian Peninsula died June 714, Al Wāsiṭ, Iraq Provincial governor under the Umayyad dynasty (661–750), first in Mecca and then in Iraq. He ruthlessly suppressed a rebellion in Mecca in 692. Two years later he was… …   Universalium

  • Ḥajjāj (ibn Yūsuf al-Thaqafī), al- — <FONT face=Tahoma>Ḥ<>ajjāj (ibn Yūsuf al Thaqafī), al ( 661, Al FONT face=TahomaṬāʾif Hejaz, península Arábiga–jun. 714, Al WāsiFONT face=Tahomaṭ, Irak). Gobernador provincial al servicio de la dinastía omeya (661–750), primero en La… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf — Al Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf (Arabic: الحجاج بن يوسف, also known as Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf ath Thaqafī), born in early June 661 in aţ Ţā’if and died 714 in Wasit, Iraq, was an important Arab administrator during the Umayyad Caliphate. His given name was Kulayb… …   Wikipedia

  • Ali H. S. Hajjaj — Dr. Ali Hussein Salman Hajjaj (1933–2004) was the first non English speaking person to acquire a (Ph.D.) in Applied Linguistics of the English Language. He attained his Ph.D. from University of Lancaster, UK in 1979. The late Dr. Ali was born in… …   Wikipedia

  • Muslim ben al-Hajjaj — Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Al-Hajjaj Ben Yusef — Ath Thaqafy ou Al Hajjaj ben Yusuf (juin 661 à Taïf, 714 à Wasît la ville qu il avait fondé en 702 en Irak) (الحجاج بن يوسف الثقفي) fut un gouverneur important pendant le califat omeyyade de Damas. Il fut gouverneur de l Irak durant les règnes d… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”