Haines

Haines

      city, southeastern Alaska, U.S. Located at the northern end of North America's longest fjord, it also lies at the northern end of the Alexander Archipelago on a peninsula between the Chilkoot and Chilkat rivers. Situated near the point where the Taiya Inlet meets the Chilkoot Inlet, Haines is south of Skagway (the former gold-rush centre at the head of the Lynn Canal), 90 miles (145 km) north-northwest of Juneau. Haines (with Skagway) is the terminus of the Inside Passage (Alaska Marine Highway) and is linked by road with the Alaska Highway 160 miles (255 km) north. Originally inhabited by Chilkat ( Tlingit) Indians (who called the area Dei Shu, meaning “End of the Trail”), it became a North West Trading Company post in 1878. After the establishment of a mission there in 1881, the community was named to honour Francina Electra Haines of the Presbyterian Board of Home Missions. With the discovery of gold in 1899, it became a gold-rush supply centre; it also served as an outlet for the Porcupine mining district and as a frontier fort. A U.S. army installation (deactivated 1946) was built in Haines in 1904, the only such base in Alaska until World War II.

      Fishing (particularly of halibut and salmon), timbering, and tourism are economic mainstays. Haines has acquired a reputation as a Chilkat Indian cultural centre, known particularly for carving and weaving crafts and for ceremonial dances; native culture is displayed at the Alaska Indian Arts centre. One of the area's most popular attractions is the nearly 50,000-acre (20,000-hectare) Chilkat Bald Eagle Preserve (1982), which contains the world's largest concentration of bald eagles; a bald eagle festival is held annually in November. Haines hosts the annual Southeast Alaska State Fair. Nearby is Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, which together with Wrangell–St. Elias National Park and Preserve (Wrangell–Saint Elias National Park and Preserve) (Alaska, U.S.), Kluane National Park and Reserve (Yukon Territory, Canada), and Tatshenshini-Alsek National Park (Tatshenshini-Alsek Wilderness Provincial Park) (British Columbia, Canada) constitutes a World Heritage site. Inc. 1910. Pop. (1990) 1,238; (2000) 1,811.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Haines — Haines, AK U.S. city in Alaska Population (2000): 1811 Housing Units (2000): 895 Land area (2000): 13.518677 sq. miles (35.013211 sq. km) Water area (2000): 8.026728 sq. miles (20.789128 sq. km) Total area (2000): 21.545405 sq. miles (55.802339… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Haines — (titre original : The Lawless) est un film américain réalisé par Joseph Losey et sorti en 1950. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution artistique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haines, AK — U.S. city in Alaska Population (2000): 1811 Housing Units (2000): 895 Land area (2000): 13.518677 sq. miles (35.013211 sq. km) Water area (2000): 8.026728 sq. miles (20.789128 sq. km) Total area (2000): 21.545405 sq. miles (55.802339 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Haines, OR — U.S. city in Oregon Population (2000): 426 Housing Units (2000): 207 Land area (2000): 0.794935 sq. miles (2.058873 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.794935 sq. miles (2.058873 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Haines — NOTOC Haines refers to:Persons named Haines*Avery Haines (1966 ndash;), Canadian television journalist *Daniel Haines (1801 ndash;1877), American jurist and governor of New Jersey *Donald Haines (1918 ndash;1941), American child actor ( Our Gang… …   Wikipedia

  • Haines — This interesting surname has two distinct possible origins. Firstly, it may be a patronymic form of the medieval male given name Hain , itself coming from the Old German Hagano , originally a byname meaning hawthorn . This name was found in… …   Surnames reference

  • Haines — Original name in latin Haines Name in other language HNS, Khejns, hynz, alaska, Хейнс State code US Continent/City America/Juneau longitude 59.22859 latitude 135.44411 altitude 33 Population 1713 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Haines — The Lawless    Drame psychologique de Joseph Losey, avec MacDonald Carey (Larry Wilder), Gail Russell (Sunny Garcia), John Sands (Joe Ferguson), Lee Patrick (Jan Dawson), John Hoyt (Ed Ferguson), Lalo Rios (Paul Rodriguez), Maurice Jara (Lopo… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Haines — Sp Hensas Ap Haines L JAV mst., adm. sr. (Aliaska) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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