Guilford Courthouse, Battle of

Guilford Courthouse, Battle of

▪ United States history
      (March 15, 1781), in the American Revolution, strategic victory for the Americans in North Carolina over the British, who soon afterward were obliged to abandon control of the Carolinas.

      After the Battle of Cowpens (Cowpens, Battle of) (January 17, 1781), the American commander Nathanael Greene (Greene, Nathanael) united both wings of his 4,400-man southern army at Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina. There Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye), with a force of 1,900 British veterans, caught up with the Americans, and a battle ensued. American casualties were light; British casualties were heavy. Wishing to avoid another defeat such as the one suffered by General Horatio Gates (Gates, Horatio) at Camden, South Carolina, the previous August, Greene withdrew his forces intact.

      Declining to pursue the Americans into the backcountry, Cornwallis temporarily retired to Hillsboro, North Carolina. Acknowledging his failure to destroy patriot resistance in the South, Cornwallis abandoned the heart of the state a few weeks later and marched to the coast at Wilmington to recruit and refit his command.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guilford Courthouse National Military Park — Infobox protected area name = Guilford Courthouse National Military Park iucn category = V caption = locator x = 231 locator y = 98 location = Greensboro, North Carolina, USA nearest city = Greensboro, NC lat degrees = 36 lat minutes = 7 lat… …   Wikipedia

  • Guilford Courthouse flag — The Guilford Courthouse flag is the name given to a North Carolina militia banner which was reported to have flown at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. The flag is recognizable by the reverse colors normally seen on American flags: red and blue… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Guilford Court House — The Battle of Guilford Court House was a battle fought on March 15, 1781 inside the present day city of Greensboro, North Carolina, during the American Revolutionary War. 1,900 British troops, under General Lord Cornwallis, fought an American… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Cowpens — The Battle of Cowpens (January 17, 1781) was an overwhelming victory by American Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of… …   Wikipedia

  • Guilford Court House, North Carolina — Guilford Court House, North Carolina, was the county seat of Guilford County before being replaced by Greensboro. It was the site of the Battle of Guilford Court House, which is now commemorated at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park …   Wikipedia

  • Guilford County, North Carolina — Infobox U.S. County county = Guilford County state = North Carolina map size = 250 founded = 1771 seat = Greensboro | area total sq mi =658 area land sq mi =649 area water sq mi =8 area percentage = 1.26% census yr = 2007 (est.) pop = 465,931… …   Wikipedia

  • Guilford College — infobox University name= Guilford College motto= I strive for wisdom and virtue endowment= $69 million president= Kent John Chabotar established= 1837 type= Liberal Arts faculty= 126 students= 2,682 traditional age students= 1,297 colors= Crimson …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Kettle Creek — The Battle of Kettle Creek is one of the most important battles of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in Georgia. The battle was fought on February 14, 1779, in Wilkes County about eight miles (13 km) from present day Washington, Georgia …   Wikipedia

  • North Carolina — North Carolinian. a state in the SE United States, on the Atlantic coast. 5,874,429; 52,586 sq. mi. (136,198 sq. km). Cap.: Raleigh. Abbr.: NC (for use with zip code), N.C. * * * State (pop., 2000: 8,049,313), southern Atlantic region, U.S. Lying …   Universalium

  • Greensboro — /greenz berr oh, bur oh/, n. a city in N North Carolina. 155,642. * * * City (pop., 2000: 223,891), north central North Carolina, U.S. Established in 1808 as the county seat, it was named for Gen. Nathanael Greene. Toward the end of the American… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”