Guilford Courthouse, Battle of
- Guilford Courthouse, Battle of
▪ United States history
(March 15, 1781), in the American Revolution
, strategic victory for the Americans in North Carolina over the British, who soon afterward were obliged to abandon control of the Carolinas.
After the Battle of Cowpens (Cowpens, Battle of
) (January 17, 1781), the American commander Nathanael Greene (Greene, Nathanael
) united both wings of his 4,400-man southern army at Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina. There Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye
), with a force of 1,900 British veterans, caught up with the Americans, and a battle ensued. American casualties were light; British casualties were heavy. Wishing to avoid another defeat such as the one suffered by General Horatio Gates (Gates, Horatio
) at Camden, South Carolina, the previous August, Greene withdrew his forces intact.
Declining to pursue the Americans into the backcountry, Cornwallis temporarily retired to Hillsboro, North Carolina. Acknowledging his failure to destroy patriot resistance in the South, Cornwallis abandoned the heart of the state a few weeks later and marched to the coast at Wilmington to recruit and refit his command.
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Guilford Courthouse National Military Park — Infobox protected area name = Guilford Courthouse National Military Park iucn category = V caption = locator x = 231 locator y = 98 location = Greensboro, North Carolina, USA nearest city = Greensboro, NC lat degrees = 36 lat minutes = 7 lat… … Wikipedia
Guilford Courthouse flag — The Guilford Courthouse flag is the name given to a North Carolina militia banner which was reported to have flown at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. The flag is recognizable by the reverse colors normally seen on American flags: red and blue… … Wikipedia
Battle of Guilford Court House — The Battle of Guilford Court House was a battle fought on March 15, 1781 inside the present day city of Greensboro, North Carolina, during the American Revolutionary War. 1,900 British troops, under General Lord Cornwallis, fought an American… … Wikipedia
Battle of Cowpens — The Battle of Cowpens (January 17, 1781) was an overwhelming victory by American Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of… … Wikipedia
Guilford Court House, North Carolina — Guilford Court House, North Carolina, was the county seat of Guilford County before being replaced by Greensboro. It was the site of the Battle of Guilford Court House, which is now commemorated at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park … Wikipedia
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North Carolina — North Carolinian. a state in the SE United States, on the Atlantic coast. 5,874,429; 52,586 sq. mi. (136,198 sq. km). Cap.: Raleigh. Abbr.: NC (for use with zip code), N.C. * * * State (pop., 2000: 8,049,313), southern Atlantic region, U.S. Lying … Universalium
Greensboro — /greenz berr oh, bur oh/, n. a city in N North Carolina. 155,642. * * * City (pop., 2000: 223,891), north central North Carolina, U.S. Established in 1808 as the county seat, it was named for Gen. Nathanael Greene. Toward the end of the American… … Universalium