Grignard, Victor

Grignard, Victor

▪ French chemist
in full  François-Auguste-Victor Grignard 
born May 6, 1871, Cherbourg, France
died Dec. 13, 1935, Lyon

      French chemist and corecipient, with Paul Sabatier (Sabatier, Paul), of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his development of the Grignard reaction. This work in organomagnesium compounds opened a broad area of organic synthesis.

      In 1898, while a student under Philippe Barbier at Lyon, Grignard began his prizewinning work with a study of the alkylzinc compounds developed earlier by Sir Edward Frankland (Frankland, Sir Edward). It was Barbier who had Grignard repeat some experiments on the preparation of a tertiary alcohol from a mixture of methyl heptyl ketone, magnesium, and methyl iodide. Grignard hit upon the idea of treating the iodide with the magnesium first and carried out the reaction in ether. This first of the Grignard reagents (Grignard reagent) was a complete success. Grignard's doctoral dissertation (1901) described the preparation of alcohols, acids, and hydrocarbons by means of reactions of organomagnesium compounds. He became a professor of chemistry at Nancy (1910) and at Lyon (1919). At the time of his death some 6,000 papers reporting applications of the Grignard reaction had been published.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grignard, Victor — ► (1871 1935) Químico francés. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1912, compartido con Paul Sabatier, por el descubrimiento del reactivo que lleva su nombre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grignard — Grignard, Victor …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Victor Grignard — Victor Grignard. Victor Grignard (6 de mayo de 1871, Cherburgo (Francia) 13 de diciembre de 1935, Lyon (Francia)) fue un químico y profesor universitario francés galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química del año 1912. Biografía Hijo de un obrero …   Wikipedia Español

  • GRIGNARD (V.) — GRIGNARD VICTOR (1871 1935) Chimiste français, né à Cherbourg, Victor Grignard étudie d’abord les mathématiques à Lyon, puis se tourne vers la chimie. En 1900 1901, exploitant une idée ébauchée par son professeur P. A. Barbier, il met au point et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grignard-Reagenz — Eine Grignard Verbindung ist ein nach Victor Grignard benanntes metallorganisches Reagenz. Dieser bekam für die Entdeckung der Grignard Verbindungen 1912 den Nobelpreis für Chemie. Grignard Verbindungen entstehen, wenn ein Alkylhalogenid (z. B.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grignard-Verbindung — Eine Grignard Verbindung ist ein nach Victor Grignard benanntes metallorganisches Reagenz. Dieser bekam für die Entdeckung der Grignard Verbindungen 1912 den Nobelpreis für Chemie. Grignard Verbindungen entstehen, wenn ein Alkylhalogenid (z. B.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grignard reagent — Chem. any of the group of reagents produced by the interaction of magnesium and an organic halide, usually in the presence of an ether, and having the general formula RMgX, where R is an organic group and X is a halogen: used in the Grignard… …   Universalium

  • Victor Grignard — François Auguste Victor Grignard (* 6. Mai 1871 in Cherbourg; † 13. Dezember 1935 in Lyon; IPA: ɡriɲar) war ein französischer Chemiker. Grignard erhielt 1912 den Nobelpreis für Chemie, den er sich mit Paul Sabatie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grignard — can be a French last name, or refers to an organic chemical reaction.* Victor Grignard, a French organic chemist. * The Grignard Company a chemical manufacturer. * Grignard reaction, an organic chemical reaction developed by Victor Grignard …   Wikipedia

  • Victor Grignard — (n. Cherburgo, Francia, 6 de mayo de 1871 † Lyon, Francia, 13 de diciembre de 1935). Químico francés. Hijo de un obrero de los astilleros de Cherbourgo, Victor Grignard estudió en la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad de Lyon. Alcanzó el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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