▪ earl of Wessex
also spelled Godwin
died April 15, 1053

      earl of Wessex, the most powerful man in England during the opening years of the reign of Edward the Confessor.

      Although an Anglo-Saxon, Godwine became a favourite of the Danish king of England, Canute the Great (Canute (I)), who made him earl of Wessex about 1018. In the disputes over the succession that followed the death of Canute, Godwine was held responsible for the murder (1036) of one of the claimants to the throne, Alfred the Aetheling. Godwine maintained his position, however, and went on to dominate Edward the Confessor.

      In 1045 Godwine married his daughter Edith to Edward. Nevertheless, Edward wanted to throw off Godwine's influence so that he would be free to fill his court with Norman courtiers. In 1051 he outlawed Godwine for refusing to punish the men of Dover, who had defied a Norman lord.

      Edward's pro-Norman policies, however, soon aroused widespread hostility. Seizing his opportunity, Godwine emerged from exile to join his son Harold and invade England in September 1052. The defenseless Edward was forced to restore all the possessions and offices of the Godwine family. Harold became earl of Wessex upon the death of Godwine, and in 1066 he succeeded to Edward's throne as Harold II (q.v.).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Godwine — or Godwin refers to the following people* Godwin, Earl of Wessex (d. 1053) Earl of Wessex * Godwine I (d. c. 1020) Bishop of Rochester * Godwine II (d. c. 1052) Bishop of Rochester …   Wikipedia

  • Godwine I — NOTOC Infobox bishopbiog name =Godwine I religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Rochester Title = Bishop of Rochester Period = 995 ndash;c1020 Predecessor = Ælfstan of Rochester Successor =Godwine II ordination = bishops = post = date of birth =… …   Wikipedia

  • Godwine II — NOTOC Infobox bishopbiog name =Godwine II religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Rochester Title = Bishop of Rochester Period = c1020 ndash;c1052 Predecessor = Godwine I Successor =Siward ordination = bishops = post = date of birth = place of birth …   Wikipedia

  • Godwine Porthund — was listed in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle as the public hangman for Shrewsbury in 1006. Ælfhelm, Ealdorman of York had been invited to a feast with Eadric Streona, who took him hunting in the forest where he was ambushed by Godwine Porthund and… …   Wikipedia

  • Godwine — biographical name see Godwin I …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Godwi und Godwine — Clemens Brentano (1778–1842) Godwi und Godwine ist das Fragment eines Lustspiels von Clemens und Bettina Brentano. Nach dem 11. Januar 1802 wurde vermutlich nicht weiter daran gearbeitet.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harold II — 1022? 66, king of England 1066: defeated by William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings (son of Earl Godwin). * * * known as Harold Godwineson born с 1020 died Oct. 14, 1066, near Hastings, Sussex, Eng. King of England (1066). The son of the… …   Universalium

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Harold Godwinson — Harold depicted on the Bayeux Tapestry King of England Reign 5 January – 14 October 1066 Coronation 6 January 1066 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Stigand — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury Full name = Stigand caption = Archbishop Stigand from the Bayeux Tapestry birth name = Stigand consecration = 1052 began=unknown term end = 11 April 1070 predecessor = Robert of Jumièges successor = Lanfranc birth …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”