garden spider

garden spider

cross spider 

      a member of the orb weaver family Araneidae (order Araneida) characterized by white marks arranged in the form of a cross on the abdomen. A fairly common species, the garden spider occurs throughout the Northern Hemisphere and is often found in grassy areas and gardens, where it builds an orb-shaped web on low shrubs. During the day the spider remains in the centre of its web, head downward. In general, garden spiders mature in the summer. Eggs laid in the autumn hatch the following spring, and the newly emerged spiderlings spin an irregular mass of silk in which they cluster in a ball for several days. When disturbed they rush out in all directions but soon recluster if left alone. They spend the following winter as juveniles and mature during their second summer. See also orb weaver.

      In much of North America, both the black and yellow garden spider (also called the writing spider; Argiope aurantia) and the banded garden spider (A. trifasciata), which have vivid yellow and black markings on the abdomen, are commonly referred to as garden spiders. These spiders have a similar biology to the cross spider, except that they have a one-year life cycle.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garden spider — Garden Gar den (g[aum]r d n; 277), n. [OE. gardin, OF. gardin, jardin, F. jardin, of German origin; cf. OHG. garto, G. garten; akin to AS. geard. See {Yard} an inclosure.] 1. A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • garden spider — noun a spider common in European gardens • Syn: ↑Aranea diademata • Hypernyms: ↑spider • Member Holonyms: ↑Aranea, ↑genus Aranea, ↑Araneus, ↑genus Araneus * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • garden-spider — n. Cross spider, diadem spider …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • European garden spider — For the 1952 documentary film, see The Garden Spider. Araneus diadematus Female waiting for prey. Notice the signal thread …   Wikipedia

  • European garden spider — noun A common arachnid, scientific name Araneus diadematus Syn: cross spider, diadem spider, garden spider …   Wiktionary

  • black and gold garden spider — noun a widely distributed North American garden spider • Syn: ↑Argiope aurantia • Hypernyms: ↑spider • Member Holonyms: ↑Argiope, ↑genus Argiope …   Useful english dictionary

  • black and gold garden spider — noun a North American garden spider …   Wiktionary

  • Spider web — Spider s Web redirects here. For other uses, see Spider s Web (disambiguation). Spiral orb webs in Karijini, Western Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Garden — Gar den (g[aum]r d n; 277), n. [OE. gardin, OF. gardin, jardin, F. jardin, of German origin; cf. OHG. garto, G. garten; akin to AS. geard. See {Yard} an inclosure.] 1. A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Garden balsam — Garden Gar den (g[aum]r d n; 277), n. [OE. gardin, OF. gardin, jardin, F. jardin, of German origin; cf. OHG. garto, G. garten; akin to AS. geard. See {Yard} an inclosure.] 1. A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”