Galt, John

Galt, John

▪ Scottish author and administrator

born May 2, 1779, Irvine, Ayrshire, Scot.
died April 11, 1839, Greenock, Renfrewshire
 prolific Scottish novelist admired for his depiction of country life.

      Galt settled in London in 1804. Commissioned by a merchant firm to establish trade agreements, he travelled to the Mediterranean area, where he met the poet Byron, with whom he travelled to Malta and later to Athens. (In 1830 he published Life of Lord Byron.) Other commercial ventures took him to France and The Netherlands (1814) and to Canada (1826). He opened up a road between Lakes Huron and Erie through the forest country and founded the city of Guelph in Upper Canada (now Ontario) in 1827. His position with the Canada Land Company was undermined by enemies, and he returned home practically a ruined man. All his life he had been a voluminous writer, and he now devoted himself entirely to literature.

      His masterpieces are The Ayrshire Legatees (1820), The Annals of the Parish (1821), Sir Andrew Wylie (1822), The Provost (1822), The Entail (1823), and Lawrie Todd (1830), novels of Scottish rural life that foreshadowed the Kailyard (Kailyard school) (kitchen garden) school (q.v.) of fiction of the late 19th century. The Ayrshire Legatees tells, in the form of letters to their friends in Scotland, the adventures of the Rev. Pringle and his family in London. The Annals of the Parish, told by the Rev. Micah Balwhidder, Galt's finest character, is a humorous and truthful picture of the old-fashioned Scottish pastor and the life of a country parish. And in the novel Lawrie Todd the hard life of a Canadian settler is depicted with imaginative power.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Galt, John — (1779 1839)    Came to Canada, 1824; returned to England; came out again in 1826, remaining until 1829. Associated, in the Canada Company, with William Dunlop, Thomas Talbot, and Samuel Strickland. Founded towns of Guelph and Goderich. Town of… …   The makers of Canada

  • Galt, John — (1779 1839)    Novelist and miscellaneous writer, s. of the captain of a West Indiaman, was b. at Irvine, Ayrshire, but while still a young man he went to London and formed a commercial partnership, which proved unfortunate, and he then entered… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • GALT, JOHN —    Scotch novelist, born at Irvine; educated at Greenock, where he held a post in the Custom house for a time; essayed literature, wrote The Ayrshire Legatees, The Annals of the Parish, Sir Andrew Wylie, The Entail, and The Provost ; died of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • John Galt — John Galt. John Galt (* 2. Mai 1779 in Irvine, Schottland; † 11. April 1839 in Greenock) war ein schottischer Schriftsteller. Sein Vater war Marinekapitän. Die Familie zog 1789 nach Greenock, wo Galt die ersten Essays für die lokalen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John of Gaunt, 1. Duke of Lancaster — John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster – dt. Johann von Gent, Herzog von Lancaster, frz. Jean de Gand – (* 6. März 1340 in Gent; † 3. Februar 1399 in Leicester) entstammte dem ursprünglich französischem Adelsgeschlecht der Anjou Plantagenêt, das seit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Eaves — (* 8. April 1953) ist ein kanadischer Skiläufer und Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Weltmeistertitel 3 Filmografie (Auswahl) 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John McCormack (Tenor) — John McCormack 1910 John McCormack (* 14. Juni 1884 in Athlone, Irland; † 16. September 1945 in Dublin) war ein bedeutender irischer Sänger (Tenor) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John R. Crawford — John Randolph Crawford (* 4. August 1915 in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania; † 14. Februar 1976 in New York) war ein äußerst vielseitiger US amerikanischer Spieler und Spieleexperte. Er gewann in den Jahren 1950, 51 und 52 dreimal in Folge die Bermuda… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galt [2] — Galt, John, geb. 1779 zu Irvine in Ayreshire: Anfangs Kaufmann, später Literat, besuchte 1809–11 Italien u. die Türkei u. st. 1839 in Greenock: er schr.: Voyages and travels in the years 1809–11, Lond. 1812; Reflexions on political and commercial …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Galt — Galt, John, geb. 1779, gest. 1839, zuerst Kaufmann, dann Reisender, schrieb über Italien, die Levante etc., über Politik und Handel, ist aber bei den Engländern mehr durch seine humoristischen Erzählungen, bekannt geworden …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”