pedagogic system of German educator Friedrich Froebel (Froebel, Friedrich) (1782–1852), founder of the kindergarten in 1837. Froebel's methods, based on Johann Pestalozzi (Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich)'s ideas, were rooted in the premise that man is essentially active and creative rather than merely receptive. His belief in self-activity and play in child education resulted in the introduction of a series of toys, or learning apparatuses, devised to stimulate learning through well-directed play accompanied by songs and music. The toys, which he called gifts, consisted of six sets, or groups, arranged in ascending order of complexity, beginning with coloured worsted balls and progressing to such objects as blocks, squares, and cubes. These objects provided a series of exercises in useful, artistic, and geometric constructions and lessons in numbers for preschool children.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Froebelism —    Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel (1782 1852) devised a system of kindergarten teaching (and he was the first to use the word kindergarten for such schools) to help children learn naturally. To develop children s abilities, his program included …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Froebelism — Froeˈbelism noun • • • Main Entry: ↑Froebelian …   Useful english dictionary

  • preschool education — Childhood education during the period from infancy to age five or six. Institutions for preschool education vary widely around the world, as do their names (e.g., infant school, day care, maternal school, nursery school, crèche, kindergarten).… …   Universalium

  • Froebel, Friedrich — ▪ German educator Froebel also spelled  Fröbel , in full  Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel  born April 21, 1782, Oberweissbach, Thuringia, Ernestine Saxony [now in Germany] died June 21, 1852, Marienthal, near Bad Liebenstein, Thuringia… …   Universalium

  • Marwedel, Emma Jacobina Christiana — ▪ American educator born Feb. 27, 1818, Münden [near Göttingen], Ger. died Nov. 17, 1893, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.       German born educator who was instrumental in promoting the kindergarten movement in the United States.       Marwedel was… …   Universalium

  • Froebel system — n. a system of education of children by means of kindergartens. Derivatives: Froebelian adj. Froebelism n. Etymology: F. W. A. Froumlbel, Ger. teacher d. 1852 …   Useful english dictionary

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