Eustathius of Thessalonica

Eustathius of Thessalonica

▪ Greek Orthodox metropolitan
born 12th century, Constantinople
died c. 1194, Thessalonica, Greece

      metropolitan (archbishop) of Thessalonica (c. 1175–94), humanist scholar, author, and Greek Orthodox reformer whose chronicles, oratory, and pedagogy show him to be one of medieval Byzantium's foremost men of learning.

      Before his appointment as a deacon of Constantinople's basilica of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) and teacher of rhetoric in the Patriarchal school, Eustathius was apparently a monk in the cloister of St. Florus in Constantinople. He held the post of master of petitions in the imperial court and wrote on the literary classics of Greek antiquity, most notably on the works of Homer. Appointed a bishop in 1175, Eustathius had not yet been installed when he was elevated to the post of metropolitan of Thessalonica, a position he held for the remainder of his life.

      During the siege and sack of Thessalonica in 1185 by the Normans (Norman) under William II of Sicily, Eustathius bargained with the invaders for the safety of his people. He recounted these events in his De Thessalonica urbe a Normannis capta (“On the Conquest of Thessalonica by the Normans”). Opposing the formalism petrifying the Eastern Church, he criticized clerical complacency in his treatise “On Hypocrisy” and urged the moral and cultural reawakening of monasticism in his famous tract Inquiry into the Monastic Life. Noted for his promotion of sound principles of education and for the preservation of books as well as for his moral example, Eustathius is popularly regarded as a saint by the Greek Orthodox.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eustathius of Thessalonica — ( el. Εὐστάθιος) (1110c. 1198) was a native of Constantinople who became archbishop of Thessalonica. After being a monk in the monastery of St. Florus, he was appointed to the offices of superintendent of peti­tions ( ἐπὶ τῶν δεήσεων ), professor …   Wikipedia

  • Eustathius — or Eustathios may refer to:* Eustathius of Antioch, Patriarch of Antioch (c.320 c.330) * Eustathius of Sebaste (fl. 350) * Eustathius of Cappadocia (4th century) Neoplatonist, orator, and diplomat* Eustathius Macrembolites (fl. 12th century) *… …   Wikipedia

  • Thessalonica — • Titular metropolis in Macedonia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Thessalonica     Thessalonica     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • EUSTATHIUS —    archbishop of Thessalonica, a Greek commentator of Homer, born in Constantinople; a man of wide classical learning, and his work on Homer of value for the extracts of writings that no longer exist; d. 1198 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Patrologia Graeca — The Patrologia Graeca (or Patrologiae Cursus Completus, Series Graeca) is an edited collection of writings by the Christian Church Fathers and various secular writers, in the ancient Koine or medieval variants of the Greek language. It consists… …   Wikipedia

  • Patrologie grecque — Patrologia Graeca La Patrologia Graeca est l édition de référence des textes grecs des Pères de l Église. La Patrologie Graeca est une collection majeure de textes médiévaux contenant les écrits des Pères de l’Église et d’auteurs ecclésiastiques… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patrologia Graeca — La Patrologia Graeca est l édition de référence des textes grecs des Pères de l Église. La Patrologie Graeca est une collection majeure de textes antiques et médiévaux contenant les écrits des Pères de l’Église et d’autres auteurs ecclésiastiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Phantasia (poetess) — Phantasia is the name of an ancient Egyptian woman who was said to have been the author of the immediate sources of the two ancient Greek epics, Iliad and Odyssey , attributed to Homer.According to a fiction retold by the Byzantine scholar… …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantine literature — may be defined as the Greek literature of the Middle Ages, whether written in the territory of the Byzantine Empire or outside its bordersEncyclopaedia Britannica Greek literature: Byzantine literature ] . It forms the second period in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantine Literature — • The four cultural elements included are the Greek, the Christian, the Roman, and the Oriental Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Byzantine Literature     Byzantine Literature …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”