Espronceda y Delgado, José de

Espronceda y Delgado, José de

▪ Spanish poet
born March 25, 1808, Almendralejo, Spain
died May 23, 1842, Madrid

      Romantic poet and revolutionary, often called the Spanish Lord Byron (Byron, George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron).

      He fled Spain in 1826 for revolutionary activities and in London began a tempestuous affair with Teresa Mancha (the subject of Canto a Teresa) that dominated the next 10 years of his life. He participated in the July Revolution of France (1830), and following the death of Ferdinand VII in 1833 he was allowed to return to Spain, where he was a founder-member of the Republican Party and was imprisoned several times for revolutionary activities. His historical novel Sancho Saldaña (1834), influenced by Sir Walter Scott (Scott, Sir Walter, 1st Baronet), was written in prison in Badajoz. El estudiante de Salamanca (1839; “The Student of Salamanca”), a milestone of Iberian Romanticism, is a variant of the Don Juan legend that carries to extremes the antisocial and antireligious attitudes of its protagonist. Espronceda was most admired for his lyric poetry, and his Poesías (1840; “Poems”) shows the influence of both Lord Byron and Scott. The unfinished poem El diablo mundo (“The Devilish World”) contains ideological reflections and is considered one of his best works. Espronceda served as secretary of the diplomatic legation to The Hague (1840) and deputy to the Cortes from Almeria (1842). He also wrote several plays—Blanca de Borbón (1870), Ni el tío ni el sobrino (1834; “Neither the Uncle nor the Nephew”), and Amor venga sus agravios (1838; “Love Avenges Its Affronts”).

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Espronceda y Delgado —   [esprɔn θeȓa i ȓɛl ɣaȓo], José Leonardo de, spanischer Dichter, * zwischen Villafranca de los Barros und Almendralejo (Provinz Badajoz) 25. 3. 1808, ✝ Madrid 23. 5. 1842; sehr früh liberal revolutionär eingestellt; floh vor dem Regime… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Espronceda — José de Espronceda José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado (* 25. März 1808 in Almendralejo (Provinz Badajoz); † 23. Mai 1842 in Madrid), war ein spanischer Dichter der Romantik. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José de Espronceda — José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnacion de Espronceda y Delgado (Almendralejo, 25 mars 1808 23 mai 1842) est l un des principaux poètes romantiques espagnols du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José de Espronceda — José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado (* 25. März 1808 in Almendralejo (Provinz Badajoz); † 23. Mai 1842 in Madrid) war ein spanischer Dichter der Romantik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jose de Espronceda — José de Espronceda José de Espronceda José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnacion de Espronceda y Delgado (Almendralejo, 25 mars 1808 23 mai 1842) est l un des principaux poètes espagnols du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José De Espronceda — José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnacion de Espronceda y Delgado (Almendralejo, 25 mars 1808 23 mai 1842) est l un des principaux poètes espagnols du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José de espronceda — José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnacion de Espronceda y Delgado (Almendralejo, 25 mars 1808 23 mai 1842) est l un des principaux poètes espagnols du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José de Espronceda — José de Espronceda, baptised José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado (March 25, 1808 May 23, 1842) was among the most important Spanish romanticist poets of the 19th century.LifeEspronceda was born in Almendralejo, Spain. As …   Wikipedia

  • José de Espronceda — Para el municipio navarro, véase Espronceda (Navarra). José de Espronceda José de Espronceda Nacimiento 25 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Spanish literature — Introduction       the body of literary works produced in Spain. Such works fall into three major language divisions: Castilian, Catalan, and Galician. This article provides a brief historical account of each of these three literatures and… …   Universalium

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