Elizabeth Stuart

Elizabeth Stuart

▪ queen of Bohemia
born Aug. 19, 1596, Falkland Palace, Fifeshire, Scot.
died Feb. 13, 1662, Westminster, London, Eng.

      British princess who from 1619 was titular queen of Bohemia.

      The daughter of James VI of Scotland (later James I of Great Britain) and Anne of Denmark, Elizabeth in 1606 came to the British royal court, where her beauty and charm attracted much attention and where she soon became a favourite subject of the poets. Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Philip III of Spain, and Frederick V, the Elector Palatine, all sought her hand. Her mother actively favoured the Spanish match, but her father, hoping to strengthen his ties with the German Protestant rulers, chose Frederick. After the wedding (February 1613), the couple left for Heidelberg. Their first child, Frederick Henry, was born in January 1614; their most famous son, Prince Rupert (Rupert, Prince) (q.v.), was born in December 1619.

      In 1619 the Bohemians, in defiance of their Habsburg king Ferdinand, offered the crown of Bohemia to Frederick. In November 1619 he was crowned king (as Frederick I), but in November 1620 the Bohemian forces were defeated by the Catholic League acting for Ferdinand (then Holy Roman emperor). Elizabeth and Frederick fled, ultimately finding refuge at The Hague with Prince Maurice of Orange.

      Elizabeth spent the ensuing 40 years in exile. Her eldest son died in 1629 and her husband in 1632. When in 1648 her second son, Charles Louis, was restored to the Palatinate, he ignored her pleas to join him, and in 1650 a pension from the House of Orange ceased. Help from England stopped owing to the English Civil Wars (1642–51) between supporters of Elizabeth's brother, King Charles I, and the Parliamentarians. In 1661 her nephew Charles II grudgingly allowed her to return to England.

      Elizabeth's letters were published in 1953, edited by L.M. Baker.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elizabeth Stuart — may refer to: *Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of James I of England and VI of Scots *Elizabeth Stuart, Countess of Lennox, mother of Arabella Stuart *Princess Elizabeth of England, daughter of Charles I …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart — (* 1963 in Kent, England) ist eine christliche Theologin, Professorin und Autorin aus dem Vereinigten Königreich. Insbesondere auf dem Gebiet der Sexualethik, der Genderstudien, der Queer Theologie und christlicher Mystik hat Stuart verschiedene… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart — Élisabeth d Angleterre Pour les articles homonymes, voir Élisabeth de Bohême. Élisabeth d Angleterre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elizabeth Stuart — biographical name see Elizabeth II …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward — Born January 28, 1844(1844 01 28) Andover, Massachusetts Died January 28, 1911(1911 01 28) (ag …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart (disambiguation) — Elizabeth or Elisabeth Stuart may refer to:;Stuart dynasty (Great Britain) *Elizabeth Stuart, Countess of Lennox, daughter of Bess of Hardwick *Princess Elizabeth Stuart (1596 1662), known as the Winter Queen , daughter of James VI of Scotland/I… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart, Countess of Lennox — Elizabeth Stuart, Countess of Lennox, née Elizabeth Cavendish (31 March1555 1581), was the mother of Arbella Stuart.Elizabeth was the daughter of the redoubtable Bess of Hardwick by her second husband Sir William Cavendish. In 1574 she was… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart, 2nd Countess of Moray — (c. 1565 November 18, 1591), was the daughter of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray.Some time in 1580 1581, she married James Stewart, son of the first Lord Doune, and they had five children:*Grizel Stuart *Margaret Stuart *James Stuart, 3rd Earl… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart (theologian) — Professor Elizabeth Stuart (born 1963, Kent) is a UK theologian specialising in Queer Theology. Contents 1 Academic Positions 2 Miscellany 3 Bishop 4 Published works …   Wikipedia

  • Ward, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps — ▪ American author original name  Mary Gray Phelps , also called  (1852–88) Elizabeth Stuart Phelps  born Aug. 31, 1844, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 28, 1911, Newton, Mass.       popular 19th century American author and feminist.       Mary Gray …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”