Dupuytren, Guillaume, Baron

Dupuytren, Guillaume, Baron

▪ French surgeon and pathologist

born Oct. 5, 1777, Pierre-Buffière, near Limoges, Fr.
died Feb. 8, 1835, Paris
 French surgeon and pathologist best known for his description and development of surgical procedures for alleviating “Dupuytren's contracture” (1832), in which fibrosis of deep tissues of the palm causes permanent retraction of one or more fingers.

      In 1802 Dupuytren joined the staff of the Hôtel Dieu, which he attended for more than 30 years, becoming its surgeon in chief. He was surgeon to Louis XVIII, who created him a baron, and to Charles X.

      Dupuytren was the first to excise the lower jaw (1812). He introduced a new classification of burns and provided the first clear description of the pathology of congenital dislocation of the hip (1826). He devised surgery for cancer of the uterine cervix and for the creation of an artificial anus (1828). Among his other triumphs were ligations of the subclavian artery (1812 and 1829), treatment of aneurysms by compression (1818), and surgical treatment of wry neck (1822).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dupuytren, Guillaume — later Baron Dupuytren born Oct. 5, 1777, Pierre Buffière, near Limoges, Fr. died Feb. 8, 1835, Paris French surgeon and pathologist. Dupuytren was the first to excise the lower jaw and to clearly describe the pathology of congenital hip… …   Universalium

  • Dupuytren, Guillaume — post. barón Dupuytren (5 oct. 1777, Pierre Buffière, cerca de Limoges, Francia–8 feb. 1835, París). Cirujano y patólogo francés. Dupuytren fue el primero en extirpar el maxilar inferior y en describir con claridad la patología de la dislocación… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dupuytren — (Guillaume, baron) (1777 1835) chirurgien français, un des fondateurs de l anatomie pathologique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guillaume Dupuytren — Guillaume Dupuytren. Guillaume Dupuytren, Baron (October 5, 1777 – February 8, 1835) was a French anatomist and military surgeon. Although he gained much esteem for treating Napoleon Bonaparte s hemorrhoids, he is best known today for Dupuytren s …   Wikipedia

  • Baron de Dupuytren — Guillaume Dupuytren Guillaume Dupuytren Naissance 1777 Pierre Buffière Décès 1835 (à 58 ans) Paris Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume Dupuytren — Naissance 6 octobre 1777 Pierre Buffière Décès 8  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dupuytren — Guillaume Dupuytren Baron Guillaume Dupuytren (* 5. Oktober 1777 in Pierre Buffière bei Limoges; † 8. Februar 1835 in Paris) war ein französischer Mediziner und Chirurg. Der hervorragende Pathologe, Diagnostiker und Operateur war Leibchirurg… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baron Guillaume Dupuytren —     Baron Guillaume Dupuytren     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Baron Guillaume Dupuytren     French anatomist and surgeon, born 6 October, 1777, at Pierre Buffière, a small town in the Limousin, France; died in Paris, 8 February, 1835. His parents… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Guillaume Dupuytren — Guillaume Dupuytren. Guillaume Dupuytren o Barón Dupuytren (5 de octubre, 1777, Pierre Buffière 8 de febrero, 1835, París) fue un patólogo y cirujano francés. Fue el primer especialista en poder extirpar el maxilar inferior, drenar exitosam …   Wikipedia Español

  • DUPUYTREN (G.) — DUPUYTREN GUILLAUME (1777 1835) Chirurgien d’avant garde et pathologiste que Balzac prit comme modèle pour camper le médecin Despleins dans Le Médecin de campagne , en raison, peut être, des origines rurales de Dupuytren, qui naquit à Pierre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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