Dumas, Alexandre, fils

Dumas, Alexandre, fils

▪ French author [1824-1895]
born July 27, 1824, Paris, Fr.
died Nov. 27, 1895, Marly-le-Roi
 French playwright and novelist, one of the founders of the “problem play”—that is, of the middle-class realistic drama treating some contemporary ill and offering suggestions for its remedy. He was the son (fils) of the dramatist and novelist Alexandre Dumas (Dumas, Alexandre, père), called Dumas père.

      Dumas fils possessed a good measure of his father's literary fecundity, but the work of the two men could scarcely be more different. His first success was a novel, La Dame aux camélias (1848), but he found his vocation when he adapted the story into a play, known in English as Camille, first performed in 1852. (Giuseppe Verdi based his opera La Traviata, first performed in 1853, on this play.) Although Dumas père had written colourful historical plays and novels, Dumas fils specialized in drama set in the present. The unhappy witness of the ruin brought on his father by illicit love affairs, Dumas fils—himself the child of one of these affairs—devoted his plays to sermons on the sanctity of the family and of marriage. Le Demi-Monde (performed 1855), for example, dealt with the threat to the institution of marriage posed by prostitutes. Modern audiences usually find Dumas's drama verbose and sententious, but in the late 19th century eminent critics praised his plays for their moral seriousness. He was admitted to the Académie Française in 1875.

      Among his most interesting plays are Le Fils naturel (1858; “The Natural Son”) and Un Père prodigue (1859), a dramatization of Dumas's interpretation of his father's character.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dumas, Alexandre, père — ▪ French author [1802 1870] born July 24, 1802, Villers Cotterêts, Aisne, Fr. died Dec. 5, 1870, Puys, near Dieppe       one of the most prolific and most popular French authors of the 19th century. Without ever attaining indisputable literary… …   Universalium

  • Dumas, Alexandre — (1802 1870) (Alexandre Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie)    novelist, playwright    Born in Villers Cotterets, Aisne, the son of a general born in Jérémie, Saint Domingue (now Haiti), and grandson of the marquis Davy de la Pailleterie, Alexandre… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Dumas, Alexandre — known as Dumas père born July 24, 1802, Villers Cotterêts, Aisne, France died Dec. 5, 1870, Puys, near Dieppe French playwright and novelist. Dumas s first success was as a writer of melodramatic plays, including Napoléon Bonaparte (1831) and… …   Universalium

  • Dumas,Alexandre — Du·mas (do͞o mäʹ, dyo͞o , dü ), Alexandre. Known as “Dumas père.” 1802 1870. French writer of swashbuckling historical romances, such as The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers (both 1844). His son Alexandre (1824 1895), known as… …   Universalium

  • DUMAS, ALEXANDRE, THE YOUNGER —    or fils, dramatist and novelist, born in Paris, son of the preceding; he made his début as a novelist with La Dame aux Camélias in 1848, which was succeeded by a number of other novels; he eventually gave himself up to the production of dramas …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Alexandre Dumas, fils — This article is about the son. For his father, also an author, see Alexandre Dumas. Alexandre Dumas Born Alexandre Dumas, fils 27 July 1824(1824 07 27) …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Dumas, père — Alexandre Dumas Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alexandre Dumas (homonymie) et Dumas. Alexandre Dumas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexandre Dumas (père) — Alexandre Dumas Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alexandre Dumas (homonymie) et Dumas. Alexandre Dumas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexandre Dumas père — Alexandre Dumas Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alexandre Dumas (homonymie) et Dumas. Alexandre Dumas …   Wikipédia en Français

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