Douglas, Helen Mary Gahagan

Douglas, Helen Mary Gahagan

▪ American actress and politician
née  Helen Mary Gahagan  
born Nov. 25, 1900, Boonton, N.J., U.S.
died June 28, 1980, New York, N.Y.

      American actress and public official whose successful stage career was succeeded by an even more noteworthy period as a politician.

      Helen Gahagan attended Barnard College, New York City, for two years before seeking a career on the stage. After a Broadway debut in the short-lived Manhattan (1922), she appeared in a number of plays over the next several years, gaining a reputation as a competent actress and a stunningly beautiful woman. In 1928 she left the theatre to study operatic singing, and she made several successful appearances on European stages. In 1930 she returned to New York City and the theatre. In Tonight or Never, David Belasco (Belasco, David)'s last Broadway production, she met Melvyn Douglas, whom she married in 1931. Her notable stage appearances over the next few years included Moor Born (1934), Mary of Scotland (1934), Mother Lode (1934), and And Stars Remain (1936), and in 1935 she starred in a film version of She.

      During the 1930s Gahagan Douglas became sharply aware of the social dislocations of the Great Depression, and, leaving the Republican Party she had followed by family tradition, she became active in Democratic and New Deal politics. She was appointed to the national advisory committee for the Works Progress Administration in 1939 and to the California state committee of the National Youth Administration in 1940. In the next several years she held a variety of state-level positions in the Democratic Party. In 1944 she won election to the House of Representatives from California's 14th District, and she held the seat through two reelections from January 1945 to January 1951. She was a staunch supporter of President Harry S. Truman's Fair Deal policies, and in 1946 Truman appointed her a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly.

      In 1950 Gahagan Douglas ran for a Senate seat from California but was defeated by Richard M. Nixon (Nixon, Richard M.) after a campaign that later became proverbial for “red-baiting” and vicious politics. Thereafter she became known as a lecturer and author. In 1963 she published The Eleanor Roosevelt We Remember.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Helen Gahagan Douglas — Helen Gahagan (* 25. November 1900 in Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey; † 28. Juni 1980 in New York) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin, Sängerin und unter dem Namen Helen Gahagan Douglas Politikerin der Demokratischen Partei.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gahagan — Helen Gahagan (* 25. November 1900 in Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey; † 28. Juni 1980 in New York) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin, Sängerin und unter dem Namen Helen Gahagan Douglas Politikerin der Demokratischen Partei.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helen Gahagan — (* 25. November 1900 in Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey; † 28. Juni 1980 in New York) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin, Sängerin und unter dem Namen Helen Gahagan Douglas Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Douglas (surname) — For the Scottish family of Douglas see Earl of Douglas, Earl of Angus or House of Douglas. Douglas Family name Meaning black stream Region of origin Scotland Footnotes …   Wikipedia

  • Melvyn Douglas — Born Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg April 5, 1901(1901 04 05) Macon, Georgia, U.S. Died August 4, 1981 …   Wikipedia

  • Melvyn Douglas — en Ninotchka. Nombre real Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg Nacimiento 5 de abril de 1901 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ford Hall Forum — The Ford Hall Forum is the oldest free public lecture series in the United States. Founded in 1908, it continues to host open lectures and discussions in the Greater Boston area. Some of the more well known past speakers include Maya Angelou,… …   Wikipedia

  • Women —    The years of the Great Depression, World War II, and the Cold War had complicated and often contradictory effects on the position of women in U.S. society. Despite winning the vote in 1920 and the apparent liberation experienced during the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Molly Yard — Mary Alexander Molly Yard (July 6, 1912 – September 21, 2005) was an American feminist of the late 20th century, who, through service as an assistant to Eleanor Roosevelt in the middle of the century and later work as a U.S. administrator, social …   Wikipedia

  • Hollywood Walk of Fame/Kategorie Film — A Name Adresse Bud Abbott 1611 Vine Street Art Acord 1709 Vine Street Renée Adorée 1601 Vine Street Philip Ahn 6211 Hollywood Blvd. Frank Albertson 6754 Hollywood Blvd. Rex Allen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”