also spelled  Jenne  or  Dienné 
 ancient trading city and centre of Muslim scholarship, southern Mali. It is situated on the Bani River on floodlands between the Bani and Niger rivers, 220 miles (354 km) southwest of Timbuktu. Djenné was founded in the 13th century near the site of Djenné-Jeno, an ancient city then in decline, and grew into an entrepôt between the traders of the central and western Sudan and those of Guinea's tropical forests. It was captured in 1468 (or 1473) by the Songhai emperor Sonni ʿAlī. The city benefited both from its direct connection by river with Timbuktu and from its situation at the head of the trade routes to the gold mines of Bitou (now in Côte d'Ivoire), to Lobé, and to Bouré; it was also an important entrepôt for salt. By the mid-17th century, Djenné was renowned as a centre of Muslim learning. The city was besieged after 1818 and subsequently subdued by the Fulani ruler of Macina, Shehu Aḥmadu Lobbo (Shehu Ahmadu Lobbo), who expelled those inhabitants practicing a form of Muslim worship that he disapproved of and allowed its mosque to fall into ruin.

 Djenné was conquered by the Tukulor emperor Umar Talʿ about 1861 and was occupied by the French in 1893. Thereafter its commercial functions were taken over by the town of Mopti, situated northeast of Djenné at the confluence of the Niger and Bani rivers. Djenné is now an agricultural trade centre, of diminished importance, with several examples of Muslim architecture, including its large, mud-walled mosque rebuilt in the early 20th century. The mosque and other historic buildings were designated a World Heritage site in 1988. A weekly market attracts people from throughout the region. Pop. (1998 prelim.) 19,200.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Djenné —   [dʒɛ ne], Jenne [dʒɛ ne], Marktstadt in Mali, auf einer Insel im Binnendelta des Niger, etwa 10 000 Einwohner. Mächtige Moschee im sudanesischen Lehmbaustil (1905, Erstbau 13. Jahrhundert).   Geschichte:   Das heutige Djenné, um 1250 gegründet …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Djenné — v. du Mali; 10 280 hab. Dès le IIe s. av. J. C, la ville organise le commerce à moyenne distance. Au XIVe s., les Soninké (ou Sarakholé) font d elle une cap. commerciale, qui jouera un grand rôle dans l empire du Mali, l Empire songhay, le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Djenne — Lage von Djenné Markt und Moschee von Djenné …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Djenné — Djenneé …   Wikipedia Español

  • Djenne — Original name in latin Djnn Name in other language Djenne, Djenn Djnn dzhene, jnh, Джене State code ML Continent/City Africa/Bamako longitude 13.90608 latitude 4.55332 altitude 278 Population 22382 Date 2007 03 01 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Djenné (Mali) — Djenné Djenné Géographie Pays  Mali Région Mopti Cercle Djenné …   Wikipédia en Français

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