small burgh (town) and seaport, Highland council area, historic county of Cromartyshire, historic region of Ross and Cromarty, Scotland, on a landlocked harbour. During the 17th century Cromarty became the chief burgh of the patchwork county of Cromartyshire, comprising the amalgamated estates of the earls of Cromarty, which included enclaves surrounded by Ross-shire on the west coast. In the late 18th century Cromarty was bought by George Ross, who improved the town by building a harbour and establishing various industries, including a brewery and cloth and lace factories. It declined economically when major road and rail routes bypassed it in the 19th century, but it is being developed as a conservation site—perhaps the best-preserved 18th-century town in the Highlands. Pop. (2001) 719.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cromarty — (spr. krómmartĭ), ehemalige Grafschaft im nördlichen Schottland, besteht aus mehreren, in der Grafschaft Roß zerstreut liegenden Stücken Landes und ist mit jener zur Grafschaft Roß und Cromarty (s.d.) verbunden. Auf der östlichen Parzelle, die an …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cromarty — (spr. krómmärrtĭ), Teil der schott. Grafsch. Roß and (und) Cromarty und Stadt das …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cromarty — Cromarty, 1) Grafschaft in Nordschottland, 5 QM., liegt sehr zerstückelt in verschiedenen Gegenden der Grafschaft Roß, theilweis gebirgig, theilweis Moorboden; Producte: Getreide, Rindvieh, Schafe; gegen 6000 Ew. treiben Fischerei (Flußperlen),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cromarty — For uses of a similar name, see Cromartie. Coordinates: 57°40′54″N 4°02′13″W / 57.681628°N 4.037008°W / 57.681628; 4.037008 …   Wikipedia

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  • Cromarty — 57° 40′ 54″ N 4° 02′ 13″ W / 57.6816, 4.03701 Cromarty est un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cromarty — This interesting Scottish surname is locational from the place so called near Inverness, Scotland. The name is found early in the Orkney Isles and is now generally confined to South Ronaldsay, and curiously enough not found in Scotland proper.… …   Surnames reference

  • CROMARTY —    a county in the N. of Scotland, consisting of ten fragments scattered up and down Ross shire; the county town, the birthplace of Hugh Miller, being on the N. side of Cromarty Firth, which opens eastward into the Moray Firth, and forms a large… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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